Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Biography of Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji


Biography of Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji


Maharaja Ganga Singh : Breaking Knowledge

Sri Ganga Singh was born on October 3, 1880, the third and youngest son of Maharaj Sri Lal Singh, and brother to Dungar Singh.
Succeeding his brother in 1887, he was initially educated privately, then at Mayo College, Ajmer from 1889 to 1894. From 1895 to 1898, he was put under the guidance of Thakur Saheb Lall Singh Ji “Churu” for administrative training, learning administrative work from that of Patwari to that of Prime Minister.
Ganga Singhji Imperial War Cabinet : Breaking Knowledge

Ganga Singh with his son in 1914
For military training, he was sent to Deoli in 1898 and attached to the Deoli Regiment, which had the reputation of being one of the finest Regiment in India under the command of Lt. Col. Bell. During the first World War, he commanded the Bikaner Camel Corps which served in France, Egypt and Palestine. [1]
As a ruler, he established a Chief Court in Bikaner, presided over by a Chief Judge who was assisted by two judges. Bikaner was the first State in Rajasthan to take such a step. He announced the establishment of a Representative Assembly in 1913. He later established a High Court with a Chief Justice and two sub-judges by an edict in 1922. Maharaja Ganga Singhji was the first prince in Rajputana to grant full charter of powers to a high court.
A life insurance and Endowment Assurance Scheme was introduced for the benefit of the employees. Also, facilities of a saving bank were made available to the people. He was one of the first rulers to introduce through legislation a Sharda Act by which child marriages were stopped.
He had a personal gun salute of 19-guns granted in 1918 and a permanent local gun salute of 19-guns granted in 1921, was the Hon. ADC to HRH the Prince of Wales in 1902 and to HM George V in 1910. A Member of the Central Recruiting Board-India 1917, he represented India at the Imperial War Conference 1917, the Imperial War Cabinet and the Paris Peace Conference 1919 and was Chancellor of the Indian Chamber of Princes from 1920-26. He also represented India as a delegate at the fifth session of the League of Nations in 1924.[2]
Ganga Sing of Bikaner : Breaking Knowledge
Ganga Singh in the Imperial War Cabinet, 1917.
As well, Singh served as Patron of Benares Hindu University and Sri Bharat Dharam Mahamandal, as Vice President of East India Association and Royal Colonial Institute, a Member of the Indian Gymkhana Club and of the Indian Army Temperance Association, the General Council of Mayo and Daly Colleges the Indian Society of Oriental Art, the Indian Society-London, the Bombay Natural History Society, and was the first Member of the Indian Red Cross Society. Singh a famous Indianfreemasons of his time.
He married 1stly in July 1897 HH Maharani Vallabhkuver Sahiba of Pratapgarh; she died 19 August 1906. He then married 2ndly HH Maharani Sri Bhatiyaniji Sahiba of Bikampur and had issue, four sons and two daughters. He died 2 February 1943 in Bombay after a reign of 56 years, aged 62, and was succeeded by his son Sadul Singh

Achievements

  • Singh constructed the Ganga Canal. He inspired people to come and settle in this new Command area. A large population settled than there. Among them the Sikh families mostly the land owners, migrated to this region from the Punjab around 1928, when the canal was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh of the former Bikaner state. Hindu families are the original inhabitants of this region; however, there were no permanent settlements in this area (except for a few towns under the old Bikaner state).
  • He successfully dealt with the worst famine of the year 1899-1900 AD in the region. This famine inspired the young Maharaja to establish an irrigation system to get rid of the problem permanently.
  • He developed the city of Sri Ganganagar and its surrounding area as the most fertile grain bowl of Rajasthan
  • He also constructed the Lallgarh Palace at Bikaner (named in memory of his father Lall Singh) between 1902 and 1926.
  • He brought railways and an electricity network to the state.
  • He introduced prison reforms. Bikaner prisoners wove and crafted carpets of India that were sold in the international markets.
  • He established partial internal democracy such as election to the municipalities and appointed a council of ministers to aid and advice.
  • Some land reforms were also introduced.
  • He induced enterprising Industrialist and agriculturists from neighbouring state for starting new ventures in his state.

Styles

  • 1880-1887: Maharaj Ganga Singh of Bikaner .
  • 1887-1898: His Highness Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Shri Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner
  • 1898-1900: 2nd Lieutenant H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Shri Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner
  • 1900-1901: Major H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Shri Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, KIH
  • 1901-1904: Maj. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, KCIE, KIH
  • 1904-1907: Maj. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, KCSI, KCIE, KIH
  • 1907-1909: Maj. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, GCIE, KCSI, KIH
  • 1909-1910: Lieutenant-Colonel H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, GCIE , KCSI, KIH
  • 1910-1911: Colonel H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCIE , KCSI , KIH .
  • 1911-1917: Col. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI, GCIE, KIH .
  • 1917-1919: Major-General H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI , GCIE, KCB , KIH .
  • 1919-1921: Maj.-Gen. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI , GCIE , GCVO , KCB. , KIH .
  • 1921-1930: Maj.-Gen. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI. , GCIE , GCVO , GBE , KCB , KIH .
  • 1930-1937: Lieutenant-General H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, GBE, KCB, KIH
  • 1937-1943: General H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, GBE, KCB, KIH

Honours

  • Kaiser-i-Hind, 1st Class (KIH)-1900
  • Mentioned in Despatches-1901
  • China War Medal (1900)-1901
  • King Edward VII Coronation Medal-1902
  • Delhi Durbar Medal (gold)-1903
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Philip the Magnanimous of Hesse-1903
  • Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE)-1907 (KCIE-1901)
  • Honorary LL.D (Cantab.)-1911
  • King George V Coronation Medal-1911
  • Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India (GCSI)-1911 (KCSI-1904)
  • 1914 Star-1914
  • Bailiff Grand Cross of the Order of St John (GCStJ)-1914
  • Mentioned in Despatches-1914
  • Honorary LL.D (Edinburgh)-1917
  • Mentioned in Despatches-1918
  • Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB)-1918
  • British War Medal-1918
  • Victory Medal-1918
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile of Egypt-1918
  • Honorary DCL (Oxon.)-1919
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)-1919
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) – New Year Honours 1921, for war service[3]
  • Honorary LL.D (Benares Hindu University)-1927
  • Honorary LL.D (Osmania University)-1927
  • King George V Silver Jubilee Medal-1935
  • King George VI Coronation Medal-1937
  • Africa Star-1942
  • War Medal 1939-1945-1945 (posthumous)
  • 1939-1945 Star-1945 (posthumous)
  • India Service Medal-1945 (posthumous)

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