Tuesday, July 24, 2012

Verbal Reasoning Part-09


1. A family i know has several children. Each boy in this family has as many sisters as brothers but each girl has twice as many brothers as sisters.
How many brothers and sisters are there?
Ans: brothers =4 , sisters = 3  (shakuntala devi puzzles to puzzle u - puzzle no : 3)
2. complete the following
      a.  $   * *    $   @   *   ?     ?
 #   @     @   #   #   $    ?     ?         some what simillar like this...but not clear.
      b. 1 , 3 , 7 , 13 , 21 , __ , 43    Ans : 31
      c. 1, 3, 9, __ , 16900
3. In a soap company  a soap is manufactured with 11 parts.  For making one soap you will get 1 part as scrap. At the  end of the day u have 250 such scraps. From that how many   soaps can be manufactured?
Ans : 24 (not sure)
4. A girl took part in a (some) game with many othersin a circular closed circuit. After pedaling for several minutes, he found that 1/3th of the cyclists ahead of her and 3/4th of the cyclists behind him together formed the total no. of participants. How many were participating in the race?
5. OF all pets i have, except 2 all are rabbits
    OF all pets i have, except 2 all are fish
    OF all pets i have, except 2 all are cats
How many rabbits, fish and cats are there?
6. given
 carpenter + painter = 1100
 painter + electrician = 3200
 electrician + plumber = 5100
 plumber + mason = 2200
 mason + labour = 3000
 labour + painter = 1100
find every person's cash? (i dont know the exact amount mentioned above.)
7. some  tree problem , in 100 sq feet, how many trees can be planted including the border line...
   (dont know exactly)....
8. out of 30 questions, the three persons A,B & C answered 45 correct answers,
    B answered 55% of A, B and C together answered 25 % more of what A answered.
    Find how many answers each answered?
9. When Arthur is as old as his father Hailey is now, he shall be  5 times
        as old as his son Clarke is now. By then, Clarke will be 8
 times older
       than Arthur is now. The combined ages of Hailey and Arthur are  100 
       years. How old is Clarke ?
10. The seven digits in this subtraction problem are  0,1,2,3,4,5 and 6.
       Each letter represents the same digit whenever it occurs.       
                    D   A   D   C   B                      
                        E   B   E   G                    --------------------
                                             B   F   E   G
                                             --------------------
                               What digit is represented by each letter ?

More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-08
Verbal Reasoning Part-07
Verbal Reasoning Part-06
Verbal Reasoning Part-05
Verbal Reasoning Part-04
Verbal Reasoning Part-03
Verbal Reasoning Part-02
Verbal Reasoning Part-01

Sunday, July 22, 2012

Verbal Reasoning Part-01

         1. There are 4 married couples out ofwhich 3 a group  is needed . But there  should not be his of her spouse .How nmany groups are  possible ?
         Ans 32

         2.In the 4 digits 1,2,3,4 how many 4 digited numbers are  possible which are divisable by 4? Repetetions are allowed
         Ans 64

         3. Two men are going along a track of rail in the opposite  direction. One goods train crossed the first person in 20 sec. After 10 min the train crossed the other person who is coming in opposite direction in 18 sec .After the train has passed, when the two  persons will meet?

Ans - Approx  72min check it once.

         4. 1)40 cows graze a patch in 40 days.30 cows in 60 days.if grass is growing at a some (not given in Q) constant rate.fing in how many days will 20 cows finish that field????

Ans: i think i wrote 120 days(doubtful!!!)

       6.There are4 boys Anand ,Anandya ,Madan and Murali with  nick names perich, zomie ,drummy and madeena not in the same order  some conditions

       Ans Anand : Perich
               Anandya: drummy
               Madan : Zombie
               murali: Madeena
       7.3)some stations r there and u add some new stations because of which 34
new tickets r now being used find the old no of stations and the new
no now?shakunthala type same book

Ans 8 old and now 10 stations

       8. 37 people in all at party.4 single men rest all with wife.no
children and 20 women r there.NO CHILDREN IN THE PARTY.so find the no
of married men (which is also equal to the no of married women)?

Ans 13 married men 4 single men 7 single women =13+13+4+7=37

     
       9.Question on Venn diagram.
       All handsome are also fair skinned
       Sme musularsare fair skinned
       Some musculars are also handsome
       All lean are  also muscular
       Some lean are also fair skinned.
       All rich  man inot fair skinned but all rich man are handsome

       Some questions follows.
       10. There are 3 piles each containe 10 15 20 stones. There are  A,B,C,D,F,G and H persons .One man can catch upto four stones from any  pile.  The last man who takes will  win. If first A starts next B. and so on  who will win?
       Ans May be F

More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-09
Verbal Reasoning Part-08
Verbal Reasoning Part-07
Verbal Reasoning Part-06
Verbal Reasoning Part-05
Verbal Reasoning Part-04
Verbal Reasoning Part-03
Verbal Reasoning Part-02

         

Verbal Reasoning Part-08

q1) a frog jumps 3 ft comres bacfk 2ft in a day in how many day
it will come out of 30ft deep well (2 marks   )ns ans 28 day
 q2) A-B=C 
D/E=F
 G+H=I
 C.F=I ANS A=9,B=5,C=4,F=2.
 Q3)when the asctual time pass 1hr wall clock ic 10 min behind it
when 1 hr is shown by wall clock, table clock shows 10 min ahead
of ih when table clock shows 1 hr the alarm closck goes 5minbehind
it,when alarm clock goes 1 hr wrist watch is 5 min ahead of it assuming
that all clocks are correcrt with actual tinme at 12 noon what will
be time shown by wrist watch after 6 hr
 ans---5:47:32.5
 (n X 60 )50/60 X 70/60 X 55/60 X 65/60

 q4)a soft. engr just returned from US has eaten too mucgh fat &put
a lot of weight everfy sunday he starts walking 4 km/hr on level
ground then up at 3 km\hr then back down hill at 6km\hr then again
on level grounggd at 4km\hr till he reaches his destination if he
returned home at 9 p.m. e what distance did he covered
 ans  24km
 it is aslo asked in some parer fingd half of the dist covered by hoim
 in this case ans 12km
 q5 ] one family promblem was there in wich varios relations are givern
 ans is correcr  3 families

 q6] one question was about cards 4 persons play yjthe game of cards
cards are of 4 colour yellow green blue,red fing colours of playing cards
which are hiddeden
 ans remember the sequence yellow,yellow,green,blue,probably frob gre
 q7]  one very easy question just solve two eq, about ages
 i rembemer only ans boy=10yrsor girl =4 yrs or vice versa pl. check it
 q8]ans the questions from facts 8marks
 the member of certain tribe are divided into 3 casts abhor,dravid magar
 1 an abhor woman cant marry dravid nman
 2 a nmagar man cant marry a dravid man
 3 a son takes the caste of his father a dauhgter takes cast of her mother
 5 all marriages except those mentioned are not permirtted 6 there
are no childern born out of a wedlock
 1]aliertnates cant rem u acan previos question
 some ans are
 q]an abhor woman a alternative istrue ---can have a dra, grandson
 q]it can be refer from conditions described that a magar man
 ans is 2 &3 only iii choice --cant have a dravid mother & may have
abhou mother
 q]an abhor marreies & has thr e childern allof are members aof
abhor acsateeich of ffoloewing is true
 ans i & ii only --i is if c were married toa magar man
 ii-- if c were married to abhor man,they have a male child


 eassy topic
 role of media ohun youth
 & interner revolution
 one more q] there are 2 scales of temp A & B it was given  A 14 to 133
 B 36 to 87
 find the temp when temp oa a is eq. to temp of b
 ans 52.5
 let t=mx+c c=-70 m=51/119
 a=a.51/119 -70  ; a=52.5
 this all came in bhu
 TCS paper was repeat of 98 some crirtical reasoning new ques 50 t0 70
 some new quants question i rembember some bnew q
 ans are 1]some rect question %of widthis inscresaded like that ans is 4%

More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-09
Verbal Reasoning Part-07
Verbal Reasoning Part-06
Verbal Reasoning Part-05
Verbal Reasoning Part-04
Verbal Reasoning Part-03
Verbal Reasoning Part-02
Verbal Reasoning Part-01

Verbal Reasoning Part-07


1). A beggr collects cigarette stubs and makes one ful  cigarette
with every 7 stubs.  Once he gets 49 stubs .  How many cigarettes
can he smoke totally.
                     Ans. 8
2). A soldiar looses his way in a thick jungle  at  random  walks
from his camp but  mathematically  in  an  interestingg  fashion. 
First he walks one mile east then half mile to north.   Then  1/4
mile to west, then 1/8 mile to south and so  on  making  a  loop.
Finally hoe far he is from his camp and in which direction.
ans: in north and south directions
   1/2 - 1/8 + 1/32 - 1/128 + 1/512 - and so on
                = 1/2/((1-(-1/4))
      similarly in east and west directions
     1- 1/4 + 1/16 - 1/64 + 1/256 -    and so on
             = 1/(( 1- ( - 1/4))
   add both the answers
3). hoe 1000000000 can be written as a  product  of  two  factors
neither of them containing zeros
   Ans   2 power 9 x 5 ppower 9  ( check the answer )
4). Conversation between two mathematcians:
  first : I have three childern. Thew pproduct of their ages is  36
.  If you sum their ages . it is exactly same as  my  neighbour's
door number on my left. The  sacond  mathematiciaan  verfies  the
door number and says that the not sufficient  .  Then  the  first
says " o.k one more clue is that my youngest is the youngest"
Immmediately the second mathematician answers . Can  you  aanswer
the questoion asked by the first mathematician?
What are the childeren ages?        ans  2 and 3 and 6
5). Light glows for every 13 seconds .  How  many  times  did  it
between 1:57:58 and 3:20:47 am
      ans : 383 + 1 = 384

6). 500 men are  arranged in an array of 10 rows and 50 columns .
ALL tallest among each row aare asked to   fall  out  .  And  the
shortest among THEM is A. Similarly after resuming that to  their
originaal podsitions that the shorteest  among  each  column  are
asked to fall out. And the longest among them is B . Now  who  is
taller among A and B ?
      ans  A 
7). A person spending out 1/3 for cloths , 1/5 of the  remsaining
for food and 1/4 of the remaining for travelles  is left with
Rs 100/- . How he had in the begining ?
    ans    RS 250/-
8). there are six  boxes containing 5 , 7 , 14 , 16  ,  18  ,  29
balls of either red or blue in colour. Some  boxes  contain  only
red balls and others contain only blue . One sales man  sold  one
box out of them and then he says " I have the same number of  red
balls left out  as that of blue ". Which box is the one he  solds
out  ?
Ans : total no of balls  =  89 and (89-29 /2 = 60/2 = 30
     and also 14 + 16 = 5 + 7 + 18 = 30
9).  A  chain  is  broken  into  three  pieces  of  equal  lenths
conttaining 3 links each. It is taken to a backsmith to join into
a single continuous one . How many links are to  tobe  opened  to
make it ?
    Ans : 2.
10). Grass in lawn grows equally thickand in a uniform  rate.  It
takes 24 days for 70 cows and 60 for 30 cows . How many cows  can
eat away the same in 96 days.?
    Ans : 18 or 19
11). There is a certain four digit number whose fourth  digit  is
twise the first digit.
   Third digit is three more than second digit.
   Sum of the first and fourth digits twise the third number.
   What was that  number ?
  Ans : 2034 and 4368


    If you qualify in the first part then you have to appear for
the second i.e the following part.

Part 2.

1.  From  a  vessel  on  the  first  day,  1/3rd  of  the  liquid
evaporates.  On the second day  3/4th  of  the  remaining  liquid
evaporates.  what fraction of the volume is present at the end of
the II day. 
2. an orange galss has orange juice.  and white glass  has  apple
juice.  Bothe equal volume 50ml of the orange juice is taken  and
poured into the apple juice.  50ml from the white glass is poured
into the orange glass.  Of the  two  quantities,  the  amount  of
apple juice in the orange glass and the amount of orange juice in
the white glass, which one is greater and by how much?
3.  there is a 4 inch cube painted on all  sides.   this  is  cut
into no of 1 inch cubes.  what is the no of cubes which  have  no
pointed sides.
4. sam and mala have a conversation.  sam says i am vertainly not
over 40.  mala says i am 38 and you are  atleast  5  years  older
than me.  Now sam says you are atleast 39.  all the sattements by
the two are false.  How hold are they realy.
5.  ram singh goes to his office in the city, every day from  his
suburbun house.  his driver mangaram drops  him  at  the  railway
station in the morning and picks him up in  the  evening.   Every
evening ram singh reaches the station  at  5  o'clock.   mangaram
also reaches at the same time.  one day  ramsingh  started  early
from his office and came  to  the  station  at  4  o'clock.   not
wanting to wait for the car he  starts  walking  home.   Mangaram
starts at normal time, picks him up on the way and takes him back
house, half an hour early.  how much time did ram singh walk.
6.  in a railway station, there are tow trains going.  One in the
harbour line and one in the main line, each having a frequency of
10 minutes.  the main line service  starts  at  5  o'clock.   the
harbour line starts at 5.02a.m. a man goes to the  station  every
day to catch the first train.  what is  the  probability  of  man
catchinhg the first train
7.  some people went for vaction.  unfortunately it rained for 13
days when they  were  there.   but  whenever  it  rained  in  the
morning, they had clean afternood and vice versa.   In  all  they
enjoyed  11 morning and 12 afternoons.  how many  days  did  they
stay there totally
8. exalator problem repeat
9. a survey was taken among 100 people to firn  their  preference
of watching t.v. programmes.  there are 3 channels.  given no  of

people who watch
at least channel   1
"         "        2
"         "        3
no channels at all
atleast channels  1and 3
"     "           1 and 2
"        "        2 and 3
find the no of people who watched all three.
10. albert and fernandes they have two leg swimming  race.   both
start from opposite and of the pool.  On the first leg, the  boys
pass each other at 18 mt from the deep end of the  pool.   during
the II leg they pass at 10 mt from the shallow end of  the  pool. 
Both go at const speed.  but one of them  is  faster.   each  boy
rests for 4 sec to see at the end of the  i  leg.   what  is  the
length of the pool.
11. T  H  I  S                Each  alphabet  stands  for  one
        I S                   digit, what is the maximum value T
--------------                can take
    X F X X
  X X U X
--------------
  X X N X X
--------------


1. an escalator is descending at constant speed.   A  walks  down
and takes 50 steps to reach the bottom.  B runs down and takes 90
steps in the same time as A takes 10 steps.  how many  steps  are
visible when the escalator is not operating.
2. evvery day a cyclist meets a train at a  particular  crossing. 
the road is straignt before the crossing and both are  travelling
in the same direction.  cyclist travels with a speed of 10  Kmph. 
One day the cyclist comes late by 25 min. and meets the train 5km
before the crossing.  what is the seppd of the train.
3. five persons muckerjee, misra, iyer,  patil  and  sharma,  all
take then first or middle names in the full names.  There  are  4
persons having I or middle name of kumar, 3 persons with mohan, 2
persons withdev and 1 anil.
--Either mukherjee and patil have a I or middle name  of  dev  or
misra and iyer have their  I or middle name of dev
--of mukherkjee and misre, either both of them have  a  first  or
middle name of mohan or neither have a first or  middle  name  of
mohan
--either iyer of sharma has a I or middle name of kumar  hut  not
both.
who has the I or middle name of anil
4. reading conprehension
5. a bird keeper has got Ppigeon, M mynas and  S  sparrows.   the
keeper goes for lunch leaving his assistant to watch the birds.
a. suppose p=10, m=5, s=8 when the bird keeper  comes  back,  the
assistant informs the x birds  have  escaped.   the  bird  keeper
exclaims oh no! all my sparrows are gone.  how  many  birds  flew
away.
   b. when the bird keeper come back, the assistand told him that
x birds have escaped.  the keeper realised that atleast2 sparrows
have escaped.  what is minimum no of birds that can escape.
6.  select from the five alternatives A,B,C,D,E
   AT THE end of each question ,two  conditions  will  be  given. 
the choices are to filled at follows.
a. if a definete conclusion can be drawn from condition 1
b. if a definete conclusion can be drawn from condition 2
c. if a definete conclusion can be drawn from condition 1 and 2
d. if a definete conclusion can be drawn from condition 1 or 2
e. no conclusion can be drawn using both conditions
1. person 1 says N<5
   person says n>5
     person 3 says 3N>20
     person 4 says 3n>10
    person 5 says N<8
whaT IS value of N
a) 1. no of persons who speak false being less than no of persons
who tells the truth.
   2. person 2 is telling the truth.
b)  1. no of persong telling the truth  is  greater  than  no  of
persons telling lies
    2. person 5 is telling the truth.
7.  there are N coins on a table.  there  are  two  players  A&B. 
you can take 1 or 2 coins at a time.  the person  who  takes  the
last coin is the loser.  a always starts first
--1. if N=7
     a) A can always win by taking two coins in his first chanse
     b) B can win only if A takes two coins in his first chance.
     c) B can always win by proper play
     d) none of the above
--2.  A can win by proper play if N is equal to
 a) 13   b) 37  c) 22 d) 34   e) 48      ans. e.
--3. B can win by proper play if N is equal to
a) 25   b)26    c) 32   d) 41  e) none
--4. if N<4, can A win by proper play always

8. Two turns have vertain pecular charcteristics.   One  of  them
always lies on Monday, Wednesday, Friday.  \the other always lies
on Tuesdays, thursdays and saturdays.  On the other days they tel
the truth.  You are given a conversation.
    person A--  today is sunday my name is anil
    person B-- today is tuesday, my name is bill


answers for selected questions
2.  equal                          1. 150
3.  8                              2. 60 kmph
4. 37(M),41(S)                     3.  Mukherjee
5.   45 min.                       8. today is tuesday
6.   0.8
7.   18
11.   T max value = 4

            3. Anil kumar Mukherjee
               Kumar Misra dev
               Mohan iyer dev
               kumar patil mohan
               mohan sharma kumar

More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-09
Verbal Reasoning Part-08
Verbal Reasoning Part-06
Verbal Reasoning Part-05
Verbal Reasoning Part-04
Verbal Reasoning Part-03
Verbal Reasoning Part-02
Verbal Reasoning Part-01

Verbal Reasoning Part-06

Infosys Test 18th January 2004 - Hyderabad.
1) There are 15 poles in a straight line each equally placed from
eachother. The time taken to reach the 10th pole after a man starts
walking from 1st pole is 10 seconds. What is the time required to
reach 15th pole.
1A)Let any two poles be placed x units apart.
Distance between 1st and 10th pole=(10-1)x=9x units.
Distance between 1st and 15th pole=(15-1)x=14x units.
If time taken to cover    9x units is 10 seconds,
then time taken to cover 14x units is.....
   (10*14x)/9x = 15.55 seconds.
2)A prisoner tried to escape from the jail in five different ways in
five consecutive days from monday to friday, but in vain.
The five ways are....
(a)Tried to bribe the jailer of the prison.
(b)Tried to escape in the giuse of a jailer.
(c)Tried to dig a tunnel in the jailcell.
(d)Escape in the guise of visitor to the jail.
(e)Escape in the guise of work party who came to work in the jail.
Condition:
1-Two days before he tried to dig the tunnel he tried to bribe the jailer.
2-It was not monday or friday when he tried to escape in the guise of a
visior to the jail.
3-The day before he tried to escape in the guise of a jailer he tried to
bribe the Jailer.
4-The day after he tried to escape in the guise of a visitor to the jail,
he tried to escape in the guise of work party person.
On each of the five days which method he used to escape.
2A)From condition 1 and 3 we can say that the rpisoner tried to escape in
methods a,b,c in order on 3 consecutive days. from conditions 2 and 3 and
the order for a,b,c we can say that the order for thursday and friday was
e,d in order.
So, the order from monday through friday will be a,b,c,e,d.
3)A cube of 3cm side is coloured red on all of its six faces. It is cut into
small cubes of side 1cm each.
(a) No. of small cubes with 3 faces coloured red  : 8
(b) No. of small cubes with 2 faces coloured red  : 12
(c) No. of small cubes with 1 face coloured red   : 6
(d) No. of small cubes with no faces coloured red : 1
4)Two trains each 1/6 mile in length run in opposite dirctions to each
other with equal speed of 60 miles/hour. What is the time taken to completely
cross over the two trains.
4A)Speed at which two trains travel towards eachother = 60+60 = 120 miles/hour.
Total length to be covered = (1/6)+(1/6) = 2/6 mile.
Time to taken to cover 2/6 mile at speed of 120 miles/hour is.....
(2/6)/120 = 1/360 hour = 10 seconds.
5)A bag contains 20 yellow balls, 10 green balls, 5 white balls, 8 black balls,
and 1 red ball. How many minimum balls one should pick out so that to make sure
the he gets atleast 2 balls of same colour.
5A) 6
6)A and B are two friends, together they go out for shopping. A buys a hat and a suit,
all together A spends 15 rupees. B buys a hat which costs same as the suit bought by
A. B even buys a dress which cost her one rupee less than the cost of hat bought by A.
B says to A that "If at all I had bought my hat by spending one and half times the
money u spent on buying ur hat, we both would have spent the same amount on buying
our items(together, i.e., 15 rupees).
(a) what is the cost of hat bought by A.
(b) The money A and B apent together.
6A) Lets say A spent x and y rupees on hat and suit respectively.
from the conditions we can say B spent y and x-1 rupees on hat and dress respectively.
 From what B told to A we can write that.....
=> x + y = 15 = (3/2)x + (x-1)
=> (3/2)x + (x-1) = 15
=> (5/2)x - 1 = 15
=> (5/2)x = 16
=> x = 16 * (2/5)
=> x = 32/5 = Rupees 6.40 paise
(a) answer is 6.40 Rupees.
(b) Total A alone spent = x+y =15.
 B spent = y + (x-1) = (x+y)-1 = 15-1 = 14 Rupees.
  
So, together they spent = 15 + 14 = 29 Rupees.
answer is 29 Rupees.
7)A man wearing a hat stands on a bridge across a river. At an instant his hat falls
into the river and starts flowing along with the atream at the same speed of the stream.
At the same instant the man jumps into the river and starts swimming in the direction
opposite to the stream, like that he swims for 10 minute , then he turns back and
starts swimming in the direction of the stream to retrieve the hat. He retrieves the hat
under another bridge which is 1000 yards away down the stream from the first bridge.
What is the speed of the river.
7A)Let the swimming speed of man be = a yds/min.
speed of stream = b yds/min.
Then the man swims at (a-b) yds/min. against the stream.
and (a+b) yds/min in direction with the stream.
Lets assume the man covered a distance of x in 10 min swim up the stream at speed (a-b).
The time taken by him to cover the same distance down the stream at speed (a+b) is...
=> 10(a-b)/(a+b)
The total time of travel(being same for both),  hat and the man be 't'.
Time taken by hat to travel from first bridge to the bridge down stream 1000 yards
away at speed b is 't' minutes.
Time taken by man to travel from first bridge to the bridge down stream 1000 yards
away at speed (a+b) will be [t-{10+[(10(a-b)/(a+b))]}] minutes.
There for we have for hat b*t=1000 yds. ------> (1)
for man .... (a+b)[t-(10(a-b)/(a+b))] = 1000 yds. ------> (2)
solving equations (1) and (2) we get
=> t=20 minutes.
Answer : so, speed os the stream is 1000/20= 50 yds/min.
8)A train travels at a particular speed for a duration of one hour, after which one
of its engine malfunctions reducing its speed to 3/5th of the actual speed before the
occurance of fault in engine. It travels at this speed for 2 hours to reach at its
destination. If the fault had occured 50 miles later on, the train would have reached
its destination 45 minuts early. Find the distance traveled by the train.
8A)
Let the actual speed of train be X miles/hour.
after fault its speed will be reduced to 3X/5 miles/hour.
 If we could find the speed of the train, we will get the solution!!!
Short method:
On observation one can find that time difference( 45 minutes) occur between two cases,
in the 50 miles distance travelled by the train at two different speeds(X and 3X/5).
=> If the time taken to cover 50 miles at speed 3X/5 is 't' hours then time taken to
travel 50 miles at speed X is t-(45/60) = (t-0.75) hours.
 We can write ...=>  (3X/5)*t = X*[t-0.75] = 50 miles -->(i)
solving we get... t=15/8 hours.
then substituting value of 't' in first term of eq. (i) => (3X/5)*15/8=50 
solving we get... X= 400/9 miles/hour.
Answer : So, solving the problem with first case we get the distance travelled
by the train as 97.77 miles.
Long Method:
From conditions we can write eq. => (X*1) + (3X/5)*2 = D miles. --->(1)
where, D is distance travelled by the train.
From second case, we can write, => (X*1) + 50 + [(3X/5)*(3-1-50/X-0.75)]=D miles.-->(2)
from (1) we can write => 11X/5 = D => X=5d/11
from (2) we cab write => X+50+(3X/5)*(1.25-50/X)=D
=>  7X/4 + 20 = D -->(3),
substituting value of X=5D/11 in (3) we get => D= 880/9 = 97.77 miles.
 So, answer is 97.77 miles.
9) In this problem five persons names are given, and also the ages of these persons and
the names of the houses they live in , not in the order. Some conditions are given.
we need to satisfy all the conditions and find the correct ages of all the persons
and the houses they live in , in order.( 10 marks)

More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-09
Verbal Reasoning Part-08
Verbal Reasoning Part-07
Verbal Reasoning Part-05
Verbal Reasoning Part-04
Verbal Reasoning Part-03
Verbal Reasoning Part-02
Verbal Reasoning Part-01

Verbal Reasoning Part-05

 NIT RKL Infosys question  2004

1.Wall clk loses 10 min per hour and the table clock gains 10 min
In every 1hour of wallclock.  Another clock loses 5 mins per every
1 hour of table clock..And the wrist watch gains 5 mins per  1hour
Of the 'another' clock....If every clock starts at 12 noon whar
Will bew the time in the wrist watch at 6 o clock.

2..There is a faulty weighing balance having one hand longer than
Other....If on one side
Ans-write the moment eqn for both the cases and find the ratio of
Both the weights....W1*l1=w2*l2


3.There are two twins... First twin lies on monday,wed. And
Friday. Second twin lies on tues,thurs,and saturday...And on
Sunday both of them tell the truth...Which of the following are
Impossible?Three q's on this having four choices each


4.. A farmer has a square field and increases his productrion by
599 cabbages from the previous year by increasing the square
Size...Find the no of cabbages produced this year

Ans-x*x-y*y=599   Y=299,x=300
5...Father and son rows a boat for 1 mile upstream ....After that
His hat falls in the river after travelling 5 mins they change
Course and return and find the hat at the starting point after 5
Mins....Find the speed of the stream.... Ans: 6 miles per hour

6...X y  Z                               X y z
     + a b                                - a b
------------------                 ----------------------
Cdef                                   G h  A
 Find x y z g

Ans:xyz==945
7..There are 5 persons a,b,c,d,e speaking some of the five
Languages..
B,c talk in english...But they talk spanish when d comes as it is
The only common language...
One person speaks 5 languages..Another speks four and likewise
Spanish is the most spoken language


Like this some conditions given...Easy to solve

8...Analytical q's based on shopkeepers' names and their pet
Names


9...There are 3 couples....A,b,c and d,e,f  Not in order...
Scores of them playing golf are 96,94,102,106,98,100(not sure)
The one who scores less wins....After the games it was found that
The sum of scores of two couples are equal....And a's wife defeats
B's wife....Find who is married to whom...

  Ans: 100+96,102+94,98+106


English
Reading compr. 5 marks
Vocab 5 marks
Rest are grammar consisting of fill in the blanks,finding out the
Errors outof two statements, prepositions....
Total marks 45

Q's ere a bit tricky but easy

More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-09
Verbal Reasoning Part-08
Verbal Reasoning Part-07
Verbal Reasoning Part-06
Verbal Reasoning Part-04
Verbal Reasoning Part-03
Verbal Reasoning Part-02
Verbal Reasoning Part-01

Verbal Reasoning Part-04


1.    Long qns of fair, tall handsome men.  4 subparts based on this.  The subparts were of multiple choice types.  (Qns took up 2/3rd of the page).

2.    Problem from Shakuntala Devi - Puzzles to puzzle you --- No 15 (Nuts for the nuts)  -->  There are 770 nuts to be divided upon 3 ppl in proportion of their ages.  The sum of ages is 17+1/2.  They divide nuts as follows.  If M took4, N took 3 and if M took 6, O took 7.  Who got how many nuts?                     (Ans:     M=264, N=198, O=308)

3.    A Hare & Tortoise have a race along a circle of 100 yards diameter.  The tortoise goes in one direction and hare in another.  The hare start after the tortoise has covered !/8 of its distance and that too liesurely.  The hare and tortoise meet when the hare has covered only 1/6  of the distance.  By what factor should the hare increse its speed so as to reach the  end b4 the tortoise.                      (Ans:    85/4)

4.    Problem from Shakuntala Devi - Puzzles to puzzle you --- No 62 (Pigs and Ducks) -->  Ajit asked a farmer how many pigs and ducks he had.  The farmer said he had altogether 60 eyes and 86 feet. How many ducks and pigs were there?            (Ans: 13 pigs, 17 ducks)

5.    A problem of mother, children and their ages

6.    Football Match problem - long one. which team won wich match depending upon data given

7.    Problem from George Summers - (After Dinner Drink) on page 14.
        Fodder, Pepsi, and Cola often eat dinner out.
        (i)      Each orders either tea or coffee after dinner.
        (ii)     If Fodder orders Coffee, then Pepsi orders the drink that Cola orders.
        (iii)    If Pepsi orders coffee, then Fodder orders the drink that Cola doesn't order.
        (iv)    If Cola orders tea, then Fodder orders the drink that Pepsi orders.
Who do you know always orders the same drink after dinner?         (Ans:    Fodder)

8.    A murder mystery - 6 ppl are victim, murderer, witness, policeman, judge and hangman.  Some clues given.  Who's who?

9.    4 ppl A, B, C, D go shopping. There are 4 shops - Bank, Boutique, grocery & Shoe store.  Everything is closed on Sunday. Shoe store is closed on Monday. Boutique on Tuesday, Grocery store on Thursday and Bank is open only on Monday, Wednesday & Friday.  Some statements by these ppl.  Who goes where?

More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-09
Verbal Reasoning Part-08
Verbal Reasoning Part-07
Verbal Reasoning Part-06
Verbal Reasoning Part-05
Verbal Reasoning Part-03
Verbal Reasoning Part-02
Verbal Reasoning Part-01

Thursday, July 19, 2012

Verbal Reasoning Part-03

Attended the test in pune today.Was very easy.I think there were
hardly any Q from George J. Summers this time.Shakunthala's Puzzles
To Puzzle You was sufficient according to me.Ten Q's and 60
min.Didn't make it though i'm sure my 8 Q were correct.Anyways the
Q's.order is the way i remember it so easy on tht guys.

1)40 cows graze a patch in 40 days.30 cows in 60 days.if grass is
growing at a some (not given in Q) constant rate.fing in how many
days will 20 cows finish tht field???? 3marks
Ans: i think i wrote 120 days(doubtful!!!)

2)37 people in all at party.4 single men rest all with wife.no
children and 20 women r there.NO CHILDREN IN THE PARTY.so find the no
of married men (which is also equal to the no of married women)?
ans 13 married men 4 single men 7 single women =13+13+4+7=37

3)some stations r there and u add some new stations bcos of which 34
new tickets r now being used find the old no of stations and the new
no now?shakunthala type same book
ans 8 old and now 10 stations

4)analytical type Q
jeweller has 7 stones/ornaments.Diamond,Ruby,Opal.......etc
Some conditions
which goes where.
Believe me it is dead easy 2 min is all it will take below par Q for
8Marks.

5)i start walking down on the stairs and when i'm on the 7th step i c
my prof coming from ground floor blah blah...... he reaches the top
and i still have 4 steps to take.he takes 2 steps to 1 of mine.How
many r there steps in all?shakunthala one i think
ans 21 steps

6)analtical one easy one guys A,B,C,D R there and they r going
someplace together on some day.be4 tht r some statements which say
which bank/shoeshop/grocery/some XXXwill be open on which all days of
the week.and it is such tht only on WEDNESDAY AND FRIDAY R ALL THE
FOUR WORKING SIMULTANOUSLY.so now there r 4 statements from each of
them A,B,C,D.
and u have to find how is going where?as i said only 2 day r there
when all can go together and the ans will stare at you when u take
the first option wednesday.from there 2min work


7)shakunthala one.(I'm 100% sure)i'm going from A -> B and my car is
punctured.it takes 10min to fix tht.bcos of tht i drive the rest of
the journey at 30miles/hr and reach 45 or so min late.had this
puncture taken place after some 20-25 after the place where it
actually happened and same 30miles for the rest of the journey i wud
have been only 3o min  late????
find dist b/w a b????


More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-09
Verbal Reasoning Part-08
Verbal Reasoning Part-07
Verbal Reasoning Part-06
Verbal Reasoning Part-05
Verbal Reasoning Part-04
Verbal Reasoning Part-02
Verbal Reasoning Part-01

Verbal Reasoning Part-02

1.sorry the first was confusing i didn't waste any time on it

2.there r 2 measures- A AND B . B's capacity is twice that of A.
A has half its capacity wine and B has one-fourth its capacity wine.
A and B are filled up with water for the remaining volume and A & B 's
contents are transferrd to a measure C. wath part of the content in C is
wine.

ans:1/3

3. this was a very easy question
something like this

for a house construction this was the charges

carpenter+mason=$2300
mason+electrician=$5300

etc...
find the individual charges.
very easy one

4.there are'N' stations. each of the stations sell tickets of all other
stations. now some more stations are added.the difference in the no. of
tickets is 46.

1.what is "some"?
2.what were the no. of old stations?

ans:old=11 new=2


5.A's age transposed gives B's age. the difference of their ages is twice
C'age. B's age is 10 times C's age. find their ages.

ans:A=54, B=45, C=4.5



6.a murder has happened. 6 men are involved, judge, witness, policeman,
murderer,victim & hangman.The murder was commited with a gun. but the
witness didnt see the murer but was sure that
he heard the gun.The case came to court and the murderer was found,
convicted, sentenced to death
and was hanged.

1.mark knew both the victim and the murderer.
2. the judge asked clarke to give his version of this murder incident.
3.walt was the last to see fillipe alive
4.policeman said he picked up graham near the murder area.
5.walt and hunt never met each other.

who was who?

ans: pls verify
judge- mark
victim-hunt
hangman-walt
murderer-fillipe
witness-graham
policeman-clarke


7. A women with dollar bills go to the shopping she spent half of the money
she had for shopping as she was so kind she gave one dollar to the beggar.
She went to the hotel and spent half of the remaining and she gave 2 dollars
to the waiter, then she buys some goods with half of the remaining and she
gave 3 dollars to the receptionist. How much money she had in the beginning?

Ans:  $42

8.some venn diagram question.
100 people were selected. 10 didnt know both typing and shorthand.75 new
typing,83 knew shorthand and how many knew both. some thing like this.
ans:i am not sure

9. Following are the statements of three of the
participants in a race. One among them is the winner
of the race. One of them is a Sororrean, who always
tells the truth, one of them is a Nororrean, who
always lies, & the third one is Midrorrean, who lies
alternately. You have to find who is Sororrean, who is
Nororrean, & who is Miderorrean.

A: i)   C obstructed my way, & hence I lost.
   ii)  C always tells the truth.
   iii) C won the race.

B: i)   C is not a Nororrean.
   ii)  A won the race.

C: i)   B won the race.
   ii)  I didn't obstruct the way of A, because of
which he lost.

ANS.: A:Nororrean, B:Sororrean, C:Midrorrean

More Tasks:

Verbal Reasoning Part-09
Verbal Reasoning Part-08
Verbal Reasoning Part-07
Verbal Reasoning Part-06
Verbal Reasoning Part-05
Verbal Reasoning Part-04
Verbal Reasoning Part-03
Verbal Reasoning Part-01

Monday, July 9, 2012

Verbal Reasoning1

 Verbal reasoning are a set of IQ based question which often make confuse your mind in the Exam Halls. But with a simple practice upon it can drive your IQ sharper. Come here often for reading and practicing Reasoning. Here some sets of verbal reasoning and puzzles are given, brows them simply by next and previous buttons and enjoy reading.


1. The time a passenger train takes to cross another freight train is twice when the passenger train crosses the freight train running in opposite directions. What is the ratio of their speeds?

Ans: P:F::3:1

2. In a container A wine is half filled. In another container B, twice the capacity wine is one fourth filled. They are then filled with water and poured in container C. What is the proportion of wine in container C?

Ans: 33.33%

3. There are N stations and tickets are issued from all the stations to the other stations. When some more stations were added to the route then 46 more tickets were introduced. How many are some? How many initial stations were there?

Ans: 11 and 2

4. Ten students in a class of 100 do not take up either physics or chemistry. 75 of them atleast take up physics, 83 take up atleast chemistry. How many take up both physics and chemistry?

Ans: 68

5. The age of A when reversed becomes B's age. when age of B is taken away from A it is twice C's age. B's age is ten times that of C's. What are their ages?

Ans: A=54; B=45; C=4.5

6. A woman gave a man for his trust half the amount of pennies in her purse and one penny more. She gave another man half of the remaining amount and two pennies more. She gave yet another half of the remaining amount and three pennies more. And now she has only one penny remaining in her purse. How many pennies did she have initially?

Ans: 42

7. In the construction of a house these were required
Designer and Painter equals Rs. 1100
Painter and Plumber equals Rs. 1700
Plumber and Electrician equals Rs. 1100
Electrician and Constructor equals Rs. 3200
Constructor and Mechanic equals Rs. 5300
Mechanic and Painter equals Rs. 3200
What are their individual costs?

Ans: Designer=200; Painter=900; Plumber=800; Electrician=300; Constructor=3000; Mechanic=2300

8. Three persons A, B, c run a race. They belong to the following categories not in order: Sororean, who always told the truth; Nororean, who always told lies and Midrorean who told lies and truth alternatively but not necessarily in this order. After the race they said the following.

Runner A
1) C has interrupted me in the race.
2) B has won the race.
3) I have not won the race.

Runner B
1) I have not won the race.
2) A has won the race.

Runner C
1) B has won the race.
2) I have not interrupted A in the race.

To which categories did they belong?

Ans: A=Nororean; B=Sororean; C=Midrorean

9. Tom has a martian friend named Dorman who got lost. He learnt their language and asked three martians named Aken, Bak, and Cwon who belonged to the categories Uti (who always spoke the truth), Yumi (who always lied) and Grundi (sometimes truth / sometimes lied). Tom asked them two questions viz. Which category do you belong? Which category does Dorman belong?

Aken replies
I am not an Uti.
Dorman is not a Grundi.

Bak replies
I am not an Uti.
Dorman is not a Yumi.

Cwon replies
I am not a Grundi.
Dorman is not an Uti.

(There was probably a printing Error but answer could be easily inferred)
Ans: Dorman is 'Uti'

10. (This was the toughest question and no one in my knowledge was confident of the correct answer)
At the scene of the murder there is a Witness, Victim, Murderer, Policeman, Judge, and Hangman. The witness did not see the shooting but heard an altercation before the victim was shot to death. The murderer was convicted and finally hanged to death. The persons are Fillip, Clark, Hunt, Walt, Graham and Bill.

1) Hunt and Walt never met.
2) the policeman picked up Graham from the scene of the crime.
3) Bill was the last to see Fillip alive..
4) Clark was asked by the judge to give his account of the shooting.
5) Hunt knew both the victim and the murderer 
Identify who was who?

Ans: Only Fillip is the victim can be properly inferred.

Source: http://winworldgk.blogspot.com/2012/07/verbal-reasoning1.html

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Biography of Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji


Biography of Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji


Maharaja Ganga Singh : Breaking Knowledge

Sri Ganga Singh was born on October 3, 1880, the third and youngest son of Maharaj Sri Lal Singh, and brother to Dungar Singh.
Succeeding his brother in 1887, he was initially educated privately, then at Mayo College, Ajmer from 1889 to 1894. From 1895 to 1898, he was put under the guidance of Thakur Saheb Lall Singh Ji “Churu” for administrative training, learning administrative work from that of Patwari to that of Prime Minister.
Ganga Singhji Imperial War Cabinet : Breaking Knowledge

Ganga Singh with his son in 1914
For military training, he was sent to Deoli in 1898 and attached to the Deoli Regiment, which had the reputation of being one of the finest Regiment in India under the command of Lt. Col. Bell. During the first World War, he commanded the Bikaner Camel Corps which served in France, Egypt and Palestine. [1]
As a ruler, he established a Chief Court in Bikaner, presided over by a Chief Judge who was assisted by two judges. Bikaner was the first State in Rajasthan to take such a step. He announced the establishment of a Representative Assembly in 1913. He later established a High Court with a Chief Justice and two sub-judges by an edict in 1922. Maharaja Ganga Singhji was the first prince in Rajputana to grant full charter of powers to a high court.
A life insurance and Endowment Assurance Scheme was introduced for the benefit of the employees. Also, facilities of a saving bank were made available to the people. He was one of the first rulers to introduce through legislation a Sharda Act by which child marriages were stopped.
He had a personal gun salute of 19-guns granted in 1918 and a permanent local gun salute of 19-guns granted in 1921, was the Hon. ADC to HRH the Prince of Wales in 1902 and to HM George V in 1910. A Member of the Central Recruiting Board-India 1917, he represented India at the Imperial War Conference 1917, the Imperial War Cabinet and the Paris Peace Conference 1919 and was Chancellor of the Indian Chamber of Princes from 1920-26. He also represented India as a delegate at the fifth session of the League of Nations in 1924.[2]
Ganga Sing of Bikaner : Breaking Knowledge
Ganga Singh in the Imperial War Cabinet, 1917.
As well, Singh served as Patron of Benares Hindu University and Sri Bharat Dharam Mahamandal, as Vice President of East India Association and Royal Colonial Institute, a Member of the Indian Gymkhana Club and of the Indian Army Temperance Association, the General Council of Mayo and Daly Colleges the Indian Society of Oriental Art, the Indian Society-London, the Bombay Natural History Society, and was the first Member of the Indian Red Cross Society. Singh a famous Indianfreemasons of his time.
He married 1stly in July 1897 HH Maharani Vallabhkuver Sahiba of Pratapgarh; she died 19 August 1906. He then married 2ndly HH Maharani Sri Bhatiyaniji Sahiba of Bikampur and had issue, four sons and two daughters. He died 2 February 1943 in Bombay after a reign of 56 years, aged 62, and was succeeded by his son Sadul Singh

Achievements

  • Singh constructed the Ganga Canal. He inspired people to come and settle in this new Command area. A large population settled than there. Among them the Sikh families mostly the land owners, migrated to this region from the Punjab around 1928, when the canal was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh of the former Bikaner state. Hindu families are the original inhabitants of this region; however, there were no permanent settlements in this area (except for a few towns under the old Bikaner state).
  • He successfully dealt with the worst famine of the year 1899-1900 AD in the region. This famine inspired the young Maharaja to establish an irrigation system to get rid of the problem permanently.
  • He developed the city of Sri Ganganagar and its surrounding area as the most fertile grain bowl of Rajasthan
  • He also constructed the Lallgarh Palace at Bikaner (named in memory of his father Lall Singh) between 1902 and 1926.
  • He brought railways and an electricity network to the state.
  • He introduced prison reforms. Bikaner prisoners wove and crafted carpets of India that were sold in the international markets.
  • He established partial internal democracy such as election to the municipalities and appointed a council of ministers to aid and advice.
  • Some land reforms were also introduced.
  • He induced enterprising Industrialist and agriculturists from neighbouring state for starting new ventures in his state.

Styles

  • 1880-1887: Maharaj Ganga Singh of Bikaner .
  • 1887-1898: His Highness Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Shri Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner
  • 1898-1900: 2nd Lieutenant H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Shri Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner
  • 1900-1901: Major H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Shri Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, KIH
  • 1901-1904: Maj. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, KCIE, KIH
  • 1904-1907: Maj. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, KCSI, KCIE, KIH
  • 1907-1909: Maj. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, GCIE, KCSI, KIH
  • 1909-1910: Lieutenant-Colonel H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner, GCIE , KCSI, KIH
  • 1910-1911: Colonel H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCIE , KCSI , KIH .
  • 1911-1917: Col. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI, GCIE, KIH .
  • 1917-1919: Major-General H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI , GCIE, KCB , KIH .
  • 1919-1921: Maj.-Gen. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI , GCIE , GCVO , KCB. , KIH .
  • 1921-1930: Maj.-Gen. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI. , GCIE , GCVO , GBE , KCB , KIH .
  • 1930-1937: Lieutenant-General H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, GBE, KCB, KIH
  • 1937-1943: General H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj-Rajeshwar Narendra Shiromani Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur , Maharaja of Bikaner , GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, GBE, KCB, KIH

Honours

  • Kaiser-i-Hind, 1st Class (KIH)-1900
  • Mentioned in Despatches-1901
  • China War Medal (1900)-1901
  • King Edward VII Coronation Medal-1902
  • Delhi Durbar Medal (gold)-1903
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Philip the Magnanimous of Hesse-1903
  • Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE)-1907 (KCIE-1901)
  • Honorary LL.D (Cantab.)-1911
  • King George V Coronation Medal-1911
  • Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India (GCSI)-1911 (KCSI-1904)
  • 1914 Star-1914
  • Bailiff Grand Cross of the Order of St John (GCStJ)-1914
  • Mentioned in Despatches-1914
  • Honorary LL.D (Edinburgh)-1917
  • Mentioned in Despatches-1918
  • Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB)-1918
  • British War Medal-1918
  • Victory Medal-1918
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile of Egypt-1918
  • Honorary DCL (Oxon.)-1919
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)-1919
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) – New Year Honours 1921, for war service[3]
  • Honorary LL.D (Benares Hindu University)-1927
  • Honorary LL.D (Osmania University)-1927
  • King George V Silver Jubilee Medal-1935
  • King George VI Coronation Medal-1937
  • Africa Star-1942
  • War Medal 1939-1945-1945 (posthumous)
  • 1939-1945 Star-1945 (posthumous)
  • India Service Medal-1945 (posthumous)

 More Biographies:

Biography of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

 Biography of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam : Breaking Knowledge

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
Born - 15 October 1931 in Rameshwaram, Madras Presidency, British India (now Tamil Nadu, India)
Profession – Aerospace Engineering
Religion – Islam
Achievements – This eminent scientist and engineer has also served as the 11th President of India from the period 2002 to 2007. APJ Abdul Kalam is a man of vision, who is always full of ideas aimed at the development of the country. He firmly believes that India needs to play a more assertive role in international relations. Apart from being a notable scientist and engineer, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam served as the 11th President of India from the period 2002 to 2007. He is a man of vision, who is always full of ideas aimed at the development of the country and is also often also referred to as the Missile Man of India. People loved and respected Dr APJ Abdul Kalam so much during his tenure as President that was popularly called the People’s President. Read more about the biography of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam here. APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 at the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and received honorary doctorates from about 30 universities globally. In the year 1981, the Government of India presented him the nation’s highest civilian honor, the Padma Bhushan and then again, the Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and the Bharat Ratna in 1997. Before Kalam, there have been only two presidents – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Zakir Hussain – to have received the Bharat Ratna before bring appointed to the highest office in India. Read on about the life history of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, who’s also the first scientist and bachelor to occupy the seat of the Rashtrapati Bhavan. His perspectives on important topics have been enunciated by him in the book ‘India 2020′. It highlights the action plans that will help develop the country into a knowledge superpower by the time 2020. One thing for which he received ample kudos is his unambiguous statement that India needs to play a more assertive role in international relations. And Dr APJ Abdul Kalam regards his work on India’s nuclear weapons program as a way to assert India’s place as a future superpower. Even during his tenure as President, APJ Kalam took avid interest in the spheres of India’s science and technology. He has even put forward a project plan for establishing bio-implants. He is also an ardent advocate of open source software over proprietary solutions to churn out more profits in the field of information technology in India.

Political views

In his book India 2020 APJ Abdul Kalam strongly advocates an action plan to develop India into a knowledge superpower and into a developed nation by the year 2020. He regards his work on India’s nuclear weapons program as a way to assert India’s place as a future superpower. It has been reported that there is considerable demand in South Korea for translated versions of books authored by him [8]. Kalam continues to take an active interest in other developments in the field of science and technology. He has proposed a research programme for developing bio-implants. He is a supporter of Open source software over proprietary solutions and believes that the use of open source software on a large scale will bring the benefits of information technology to more people.

As an aerospace engineer

After graduating in Physics from St. Joseph’s College in Tiruchirapalli, Abdul Kalam graduated with a diploma in the mid-1950s from Madras Institute of Technology specializing in Aeronautical Engineering [10]. As the Project Director, he was heavily involved in the development of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). As Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), he also played a major part in developing many missiles of India including Agni and Prithvi. Although the entire project has been criticised for being overrun and mismanaged[11]. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to Prime Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development from July 1992 to December 1999. Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period, and have been associated with Kalam although he was not directly involved with the nuclear programme at the time.

Honours

On April 29, 2009, he became the first Asian to be bestowed the Hoover Medal, America’s top engineering prize, for his outstanding contribution to public service. The citation said that he is being recognised for making state-of-the-art healthcare available to the common man at affordable prices, bringing quality medical care to rural areas by establishing a link between doctors and technocrats, using spin-offs of defence technology to create state-of-the-art medical equipment and launching tele-medicine projects connecting remote rural-based hospitals to the super-specialty hospital. A pre-eminent scientist, a gifted engineer, and a true visionary, he is also a humble humanitarian in every sense of the word, it added. On 13 September 2009, he was a recipient of the International von Kármán Wings Award. The Government of India has honoured him with the nation’s highest civilian honours: the Padma Bhushan in 1981; Padma Vibhushan in 1990; and the Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Indian government.. Kalam is the third President of India to have been honoured with a Bharat Ratna before being elected to the highest office, the other two beingSarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Zakir Hussain. He is also the first scientist and first bachelor to occupy Rashtrapati Bhavan After his tenure as the president he is now a visiting guest professor at JSS university, Mysore. He has agreed to deliver a minimum of four lectures every year.

Books and documentaries

Kalam’s writings
  • Wings of Fire: An Autobiography of APJ Abdul Kalam by A.P.J Abdul Kalam, Arun Tiwari; by K. Bhushan, G. Katyal; A.P.j. Pub. Corp, 2002.
  • Scientist to President by Abdul A.P.J. Kalam; Gyan Publishing House, 2003.
  • Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam; Penguin Books, 2003.
  • India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Y.S. Rajan; Penguin Books India, 2003.
  • India-my-dream by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam; Excel Books, 2004.
  • Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal Transformation by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam; TATA McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, 2004.
  • Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Arun K Tiwari; Ocean Books, 2005.
  • Children Ask Kalam by A.P.J Abdul Kalam; Pearson Education, ISBN 81-7758-245-3
  • Indomitable Spirit by A.P.J Abdul Kalam, 2006
  • The Scientific Indian: A Twenty-first Century Guide to the World around Us by APJ Abdul Kalam and YS Rajan
Biographies
  • Eternal Quest: Life and Times of Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam by S. Chandra; Pentagon Publishers, 2002.
  • President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam by R. K. Pruthi; Anmol Publications, 2002.
  • A. P. J. Abdul Kalam: The Visionary of India’ by K. Bhushan, G. Katyal; A.P.H. Pub. Corp, 2002.
  • A little Dream (documentary film) by P. Dhanapal; Minveli Media Works Private Limited, 2008.
  • The Kalam Effect: My Years with the President by P.M. Nair; Harper Collins, 2008.
  • ‘My Days With Mahatma Abdul Kalam’ by Fr.A.K. George; ISBN No:978-8190452953; Publisher: Novel Corporation, 2009.

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Biography of Bal Gangadhar Tilak


Biography of Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak-Breaking Knowledge

Born: July 23, 1856
Died: August 1, 1920
Achievements: Considered as Father of Indian National Movement; Founded “Deccan Education Society” to impart quality education to India’s youth; was a member of the Municipal Council of Pune, Bombay Legislature, and an elected ‘Fellow’ of the Bombay University; formed Home Rule League in 1916 to attain the goal of Swaraj.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak is considered as Father of Indian National Movement. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a multifaceted personality. He was a social reformer, freedom fighter, national leader, and a scholar of Indian history, sanskrit, hinduism, mathematics and astronomy. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was popularly called as Lokmanya (Beloved of the people). During freedom struggle, his slogan “Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it” inspired millions of Indians.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born on July 23, 1856 in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. He was a Chitpavan Brahmin by caste. His father Gangadhar Ramachandra Tilak was a Sanskrit scholar and a famous teacher. Tilak was a brilliant student and he was very good in mathematics. Since childhood Tilak had an intolerant attitude towards injustice and he was truthful and straightforward in nature. He was among India’s first generation of youth to receive a modern, college education.
When Tilak was ten his father was transferred to Pune from Ratnagiri. This brought sea change in Tilak’s life. He joined the Anglo-Vernacular School in Pune and got education from some of the well known teachers. Soon after coming to Pune Tilak lost his mother and by the time he was sixteen he lost his father too. While Tilak was studying in Matriculation he was married to a 10-year-old girl called Satyabhama. After passing the Matriculation Examination Tilak joined the Deccan College. In 1877, Bal Gangadhar Tilak got his B.A. degree with a first class in mathematics. He continued his studies and got the LL.B. degree too.
After graduation, Tilak began teaching mathematics in a private school in Pune and later became a journalist. He became a strong critic of the Western education system, feeling it demeaning to Indian students and disrespectful to India’s heritage. He came to the conclusion that good citizens can be moulded only through good education. He believed that every Indian had to be taught about Indian culture and national ideals. Along with his classmate Agarkar and great social reformer Vishnushastry Chiplunkar, Bal Gangadhar Tilak founded “Deccan Education Society” to impart quality education to India’s youth.
The very next year after the Deccan Education Society was founded, Tilak started two weeklies, ‘Kesari’ and ‘Mahratta’. ‘Kesari’ was Marathi weekly while ‘Mahratta’ was English weekly. Soon both the newspapers became very popular. In his newspapers, Tilak highlighted the plight of Indians. He gave a vivid picture of the people’s sufferings and of actual happenings. Tilak called upon every Indian to fight for his right. Bal Gangadhar Tilak used fiery language to arouse the sleeping Indians.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in 1890. He was a member of the Municipal Council of Pune, Bombay Legislature, and an elected ‘Fellow’ of the Bombay University. Tilak was a great social reformer. He issued a call for the banning of child marriage and welcomed widow remarriage. Through the celebrations of Ganapati Festival and the birthday of the Shivaji he organized people.
In 1897, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was charged with writing articles instigating people to rise against the government and to break the laws and disturb the peace. He was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment for one and a half year. Tilak was released in 1898. After his release, Tilak launched Swadeshi Movement. Through newspapers and lectures, Tilak spread the message to each and every village in Maharashtra. A big ‘Swadeshi Market’ was opened in front of Tilak’s house. Meanwhile, Congress was split into two camps-Moderates and Extremists. Extremists led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak opposed the moderate faction led by Gopal Krishna. Extremists were in the favour of self rule while the moderates thought that time is not yet ripe for such an eventuality. This rift finally led to a split in the Congress.
Tilak was arrested on the charges of sedition in 1906. After the trial, Tilak was sentenced to six years of imprisonment in Mandalay (Burma). Tilak spent his time in prison by reading and writing. He wrote the book ‘Gita-Rahasya’ while he was in prison. Tilak was released on June 8, 1914. After his release, Bal Gangadhar Tilak tried to bring the two factions of Congress together. But his efforts did not bear much fruit. In 1916, Tilak decided to build a separate organization called the ‘Home Rule League’. Its goal was swaraj. Tilak went from village to village, and explained the aim of his league to the farmers and won their hearts. He traveled constantly in order to organize the people. While fighting for people’s cause Bal Gangadhar Tilak died on August 1, 1920.


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Biography of Sardar Patel


Biography of Sardar Patel

Sardar Patel : Breaking Knowledge

Vallabh Bhai Patel the iron-man of India was born on 13th October, 1875, in a small village Karamsadh of Bombay region. His father Jhaber Bhai Patel was a simple farmer and mother Laad Bai was a simple lady.
From his childhood itself, Patel was a very hard-working individual. He used to help his father in farming and studied in a school at Patelaad. He passed his high-school examination in 1896. Throughout school he was a very wise and intelligent student. Inspite of poor financial conditions his father decided to send him to college but VallabhBhai refused. Around three years he stayed at home, worked hard and prepared for the District Leader’s examinaton, hence passing with very good precentage.
Sardar Patel hated to work for anyone especially the Britishers. He was a person of independent nature. He started his own practice of law in a place called Godhara. Soon the practice flourished. He saved money, made financial arrangement for the entire family. He got married to Jhaberaba. In 1904, he got a baby daughter Maniben, and in 1905 his son Dahya was born. He sent his elder brother to England for higher studies in law. In 1908, Vittha Bhai returned as barrister and started practising in Bombay. In 1909 his wife became seriously ill and was taken to Bombay for treatment VallabhBhai had to go for the hearing of an urgent case and his wife died. He was stunned. He admitted his children in St. Mary’s school Bombay, and he left for England. He became a barrister and retuned to India in 1913.
He started his practice in Ahmedabad and soon he became aware of the local life, activities and people’s problems. He became an extremely popular person and he got elected in the Municipal Corportaion in 1917. Around 1915, he came across Mahatma Gandhi. The Swadeshi Movement was at its peak. Gandhiji gave a lecture at a place in Ahmedabad where Patel heard him and was very impressed and started actively participating in the freedom movement. The British government’s atrocities were increasing. The government declared to confiscate all the lands of farmers. He forced the British government to amend the rules. He brought together the farmers and encouraged them and hence got the title of ‘Sardar’ and thus became famous.
The British government considered him as a threat and his lectures were considered anti-government and he was imprisoned several times. In 1942, he took part in the Quit India Movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. He was arrested along with other leaders and was sent to Ahmednagar jail. Inspite of the British Rule, rulers of the small kingdoms were spending a lot of public money, and were having a nice time. Sardar Vallabh Bhai opposed this.
With great wisdom and political foresight, he consolidated the small kingdoms. The public was with him. He tackled the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of Junagarh who intially did not want to join India. There were a lot of problems connected with the reunion of the numerous states into India. Sardar Patel’s untiring efforts towards the unity of the country brought success. Due to the achievement of this massive task, Sardar Patel got the title of ‘Iron Man’. ‘ He is one of the prestigious leaders of the world who became immmortal by uniting a scattered nation without any bloodshed.
His enthusiasm to work for the independent nation got a big jolt when Gandhiji was murdered. Patel was very attached to Gandhiji and considered him, his elder brother and teacher. He was encouraged by Mahatma Gandhi in all his work. Gandhiji’s death left him broken. On 15th December, 1950 he died of a cardiac arrest. The news of his death spread all over the world. The entire nation plunged into deep sorrow, everyday life came to a standstill. A grateful nation paid a tearful homage to it’s beloved leader. In 1991 the grateful nation conferred upon him the honour of Bharat Ratna.

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Biography of Subhash Chandra Bose


Biography of Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose : Breaking Knowledge

Subhash Chandra Bose (January 23, 1897-August 18, 1945) also known as Netaji, was a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. Bose helped to organize and later led the Indian National Army, put together with Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from Singapore and other parts of Southeast Asia.
“Give me blood and I shall give you freedom” was one of the most popular statements made by him, whereby he urges the people of India to join him in his freedom movement.
Early life
Subhash Chandra Bose was born to an affluent Bengali family in Cuttack, Orissa. His father, Janakinath Bose, was a public prosecutor who believed in orthodox nationalism and later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council. With eight brothers and six sisters, Bose’s family was large, but disciplined. He loved to read and was fascinated with religion, discipline, and self-control. As a youth, he did social service and after reading Vivekananda’s writings, “selfless service” became the motto guiding his life.
Recognizing his son’s intellect, Bose’s father was determined that Bose should become a high-ranking civil servant. He attended the Protestant European School and the Ravenshaw Collegiate School in Cuttack and later graduated with honours from the Scottish Church College, Calcutta. He was placed second in his university examinations and participated as a member of the India Defence Corps, then a newly-formed military training unit at the University of Calcutta. Afterwards he travelled to England and attended Fitzwilliam Hall at the University of Cambridge.
In 1920, Bose took the Indian Civil Service entrance examination and was ranked second. However, he resigned from the prestigious Indian Civil Service in April 1921 despite his high ranking in the merit list, and went ahead to join the freedom movement. After returning to India, he joined the Congress party and was particularly active in its youth wing. Bose’s ideas did not match with that of Gandhi’s belief in non-violence. So he returned to Kolkata to work under Chittaranjan Das, the Bengali freedom fighter and co-founder (with Motilal Nehru) of the Swarajya (Self Rule) Party. In 1921, Bose organised a boycott of the celebrations to mark the Prince of Wales’ visit to India. This led to his being imprisoned. In April 1924, Bose was elected the Chief Executive Officer of the newly constituted Calcutta Corporation. Later, in October that year, Bose was arrested as a suspected terrorist. First, he was in Alipore jail and later he was exiled to Mandalay in Burma.
In June 1925, Bose was deeply struck by the sudden loss of his mentor Chittaranjan Das. At the end of 1926 he was nominated in absentia, as a candidate for the Bengal Legislative Assembly. On May 16, 1927 he was released from jail due to ill-health. The two years in Mandalayincreased his confidence and strength. By December 1927, Bose with Jawaharlal Nehru became the the General Secretary of the Congress. On January 23, 1930, Bose was once again arrested for leading an “Independence” procession. After being released from jail on September 25, he was elected as the Mayor of the City of Calcutta. He was incarcerated eleven times by the British over a span of twenty years, either in India or in Rangoon. He spent many years in various capacities as the Chief Executive Officer of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation (where Chittaranjan Das had previously been Mayor), and later as Mayor himself. With Jawaharlal Nehru he was one of the radical Left wing leaders of the Congress Party. He was exiled from India, during the mid 1930s to Europe, where he stated India’s cause for self-rule before gatherings and conferences (like the Second Communist International). After his father’s death the British authorities allowed him to land at Calcutta’s airport only for the religious rites, which would be followed by his swift departure. During this time he traveled extensively in India and in Europe before stating his political opposition to Gandhi. He became the president of the Haripura Indian National Congress in 1938, against Gandhi’s wishes. He was elected for a second term in 1939 in Tripura Congress Session; Gandhi had supported Pattabhi Sitaramayya and commented “Pattavi’s defeat is my defeat” after learning the election results. Although Bose won the election, Gandhi’s continued opposition led to the resignation of the Working Committee. In the face of this gesture of no-confidence Bose himself resigned. Bose then formed an independent party, the All India Forward Bloc.
Actions during the Second World War
Bose advocated the approach that the political instability at war-time Britain should be taken advantage of-rather than simply wait for the British to grant political “Home Rule” after the end of the war (which was the view of Gandhi, Nehru and a section of the Congress leadership) at the time. In this he was influenced by the examples of Italian statesmen Giuseppe Garibaldi and Giuseppe Mazzini. During his stay in Europe from 1933 to 1936, he met several European leaders and thinkers, including Benito Mussolini, Eduard Benes, Karl Seitz, Eamon De Valera, Romain Rolland, and Alfred Rosenberg. He came to believe that India could achieve political freedom only if it had political, military and diplomatic support from outside and that an independent nation necessitated the creation of a national army. His correspondence reveals that despite his sheer dislike for British subjugation, he was deeply impressed by their methodical and systematic approach and their steadfastedly disciplinarian outlook towards life. In England, he exchanged ideas with British Labour Party leaders and political thinkers on the future of India. He came to accept the view that a free India needed Socialist authoritarianism, on the lines of Turkey’s Kemal Ataturk for at least two decades.
In Germany
At the start of World War II, Bose escaped his incarceration at home by taking the guise of a Pathan insurance agent (“Ziaudddin”) to Afghanistan and from there to Moscow with the passport of an Italian nobleman “Count Orlando Mazzotta”. From Moscow he reached Rome and from there he traveled to Germany where he instituted the Special Bureau for India under Adam von Trott zu Solz, broadcasting on the German-sponsored Azad Hind Radio. He founded the Free India Centre in Berlin and created the Indian Legion (consisting of some 4500 soldiers) out of Indian prisoners of war who had previously fought forthe British in North Africa, but had capitulated to Erwin Rommel’s Afrika Korps. The Azad Hind legion was attached to the Waffen SS, and they swore their allegiance to Hitler and Bose for the independence of India.
Bose was deeply dissapointed with Hitler when the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and decided to leave Nazi Germany. Besides, Hitler had shown little interest for the cause of Indian independence. He travelled by submarine around the Cape of Good Hope to Imperial Japan, which helped him to raise his army in Singapore. This was the only civilian-transfer across two different submarines of two different navies in World War II.
In Japan
The Indian National Army (INA) consisted of some 85,000 regular troops, a separate women’s army unit named after Rani Lakshmi Bai (in a regular army, the women’s army unit was the first of its kind in Asia), who gave her life in the First War of Independence in 1857. These were under the aegis of a provisional government, with its own currency, court and civil code, named the “Provisional Government of Free India” (or the Arzi Hukumate Azad Hind) and recognised by nine Axis states: Germany, Japan, Italy, Croatia, Nationalist China, Siam, Burma, Manchukuo and the Philippines. This government had participated as a delegate or observer in the so-called Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.
En route to India, some of Bose’s troops assisted in the Japanese victory over the British in the battles of Arakan and Meiktila, along with the Burmese National Army led by Ba Maw and Aung San. The Provisional Government and the INA were established in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal, part of the British Indian Empire. On Indian mainland, the Indian Tricolor was raised for the first time in the town in Moirang, in Manipur, in northeastern India. The other towns of Kohima and Imphal, were placed under siege by divisions of the Japanese, the Burmese and the Gandhi and Nehru Brigades of I.N.A.. At the time of the Great Bengal Famine of 1943, during which millions died of starvation, Bose had offered (through radio) Burmese rice to the victims of the famine. The British authorities in India (and in the UK) refused the offer.
When the Japanese were defeated at the battles of Kohima and Imphal, the Provisional Government’s aim of establishing a base in mainland India was lost forever and the INA was forced to pull-back along with the defeated Japanese Imperial Army. Japan’s surrender after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki also led to the eventual surrender of the Indian National Army.
Political views
Even though Bose and Gandhi had differing ideologies, the latter called Bose the “Patriot of Patriots” (Bose had called Gandhi “Father of the Nation”). He has been given belated recognition in India, and especially in West Bengal; Calcutta’s civil airport and a university have been named after him. Many of the symbols of the Bose’s provisional government, which were also associated with the Congress, have been adopted in independent India: Rabindranath Tagore’s “Jana Gana Mana”, which was the national song of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind is independent India’s National Anthem, and the tricolour as India’s national flag.
His alliance with the Axis continues to be controversial; many in India consider him a hero for his forceful stance against oppressive British imperialism. In working with the Japanese he was however fighting his own countrymen, who defended India within the unpoliticised volunteer British Indian Army against the Japanese invasion.
At the time of the start of the Second World War, great divisions existed in the Indian independence movement about whether to exploit the weakness of the British to achieve independence. Some felt that any distinctions between the political allegiances and ideologies of the warring factions of Europe were inconsequential in the face of the possibility of Indian independence, and that it was hypocritical of the British to condemn pro-democracy Indians for allying themselves with anti-democratic Axis forces when the British themselves showed so little respect for democracy or democratic reforms in India. Others felt that it was inappropriate to seek concessions when Britain itself was in peril, and found their distaste for Nazi Germany outweighed their concerns about Independence.
Bose, in particular, was accused of ‘collaborating’ with the Axis; he counter-attacked the allegation criticising the British campaign during World War-II, saying that while Britain was fighting for the freedom of the European nations under Nazi control, it did not grant its own colonies, including India their rightful independence. It may be observed that along with Nehru, Bose had organized and led protest marches against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931, and of China itself in 1938, when he was Congress president. During that period, Chinese leader Chiang Kai Shek was feted in India and medical aid and food supplies were sent to Chinese areas which suffered the worst brunt of Japanese imperialism. That he eventually abandoned his political stance (which initially was that of Gandhi and Nehru) reflects his deep discontent with the nature of the British rule, and a growing belief that the formation of an Indian free state was nowhere on the British political roadmap. At the Tripura Congress session, he made his views quite explicit: Britain had forced a war on India, without bothering to consult Indians.
It is interesting to note that Bose’s earlier correspondences (prior to 1939) reflect his deep disapproval of the racist practices of and annulment of democratic institutions in Nazi Germany. Though Bose did ally himself with the Axis powers, there is little to suggest he shared any of their doctrines of racial superiority; instead it appears he was motivated to join them largely out of political pragmatism.
Re-evaluation of Netaji
The INA is fondly remembered by some Japanese and Indian historians who see Japanese efforts to support Bose as supporting the view that it was fighting a war on behalf of the oppressed peoples of Asia, in addition, the INA is seen by some as an organisation devoid of the divisive energies of parochialism that have since plagued India.
Gandhi called Bose the “Patriot of Patriots” (Bose had called Gandhi “Father of the Nation”). Bose’s portrait is also hung in the Indian Parliament and a statue has been erected in front of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly.
Bose was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award in 1992, but it was later withdrawn in response to a Supreme Court of India directive following a Public Interest Litigation filed in the Court against the “posthumous” nature of the award. The Award Committee could not give conclusive evidence of Bose’s death and thus it invalidated the “posthumous” award.
Death
Bose is supposed to have died in a plane crash over Taiwan while flying to Tokyo. However, his body was never recovered, and conspiracy theories concerning his possible survival abound. One such claims that Bose actually died in Siberia, while in Soviet captivity. Mr. Harin Shah, an Indian journalist, visited Taipei and was shown a plane crash site (supposedly of Bose’s plane).
However, the Taiwan Government told an Indian journalist investigating into Bose’s death that Bose could not have died in a plane crash in the country, stating that there “were no plane crashes at Taipei between 14 August and 20 September 1945.”
Despite this testimony three separate Indian government investigations have concluded that Bose died in the plane crash, although a fourth one-man board convened in 1999, the Mukherjee Commission, will not issue its conclusions until 14 May 2005.
In media
In May 2005, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero, was released. It was directed by Shyam Benegal.

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