Showing posts with label World GK. Show all posts
Showing posts with label World GK. Show all posts

25 June 2012

Highest, Longest, Biggest, Largest, Deepest, Smallest of the World.

Largest Airport : King Abdul Khalid International Airport (Saudi Arabia)

Highest Airport : Lhasa Airport, Tibet

Tallest Animal : Giraffe
Largest Animal : Blue Bottom whale
Largest Bay : Hudson Bay, Canada.
Fastest Bird : Swift
Largest Bird : Ostrich
Smallest Bird : Humming bird
Fastest Animal : Cheetah
Biggest Flower : Rafflesia (Java)
Longest Bridge : Huey P. Long Bridge (USA)
Longest Canal : Baltic sea White Canal
Largest Cathedral : Cathedral Church of New York
Largest Cemetry : Ohlsdorf Cemetry (Hamburg, Germany)
Largest Church : Balisca of St. Peter in the Vatican City, Rome.
Largest Continent : Asia
Smallest Continent : Australia
Largest Country (Area) : Russia
Smallest Country (Area) : Vatican City
Biggest Cinema House : Roxy, New York
Highest City : Wenchuan, China
Most Populous City : Tokyo
Longest Day : June 21
Shortest Day : December 22
Largest Delta : Sunderban (India)
Largest Desert : Sahara, North Africa
Biggest Dome : Gol Gumbaz (Bijapur), India
Largest Dams : Grand Coulee Dam, USA
Tallest Fountain : Fountain Hills, Arizona
Largest Gulf : Gulf of Mexico
Largest Hotel : Excalibur Hotel (Las Vegas, Nevada, USA)
Largest Island : Greenland
Largest Lake : Caspian Sea.
Deepest Lake : Baikal (Siberia)
Highest Lake : Titicaca (Bolivia)
Largest Library : United States Library of Congress, Washington
Largest Mosque : Jama Masjid, Delhi (India)
Highest Mountain Peak : Mount Everest (Nepal)
Highest Mountain Range : Himalayas, Asia.
Largest Mountain Range : Andes (South America)
Biggest Museum : American Museum of Natural History (New York)
Largest Minaret : Sultan Hassan Mosque (Egypt)
Tallest Minaret : Qutub Minar, Delhi (India)
Biggest Oceans : Pacific Ocean
Deepest Oceans : Pacific Ocean
Biggest Palace : Vatican (Rome)
Largest Palace : Imperial Palace (China)
Largest Park : National Park of North-Eastern (Greenland)
Largest Peninsula : Arabia
Highest Plateau : Pamir (Tibet)
Longest Platform : Kharagpur, W. Bengal (India)
Largest Platform : Grand Central Terminal, (Rly. Station), New York (USA)
Longest River : Nile, Africa
Longest River Dam : Hirakud Dam, India
Largest Sea : South China Sea
Largest Stadium : Starhove Stadium, Prague (Czech Republic)
Tallest Statue : Motherland (Russia)
Largest Sea-bird : Albatross
Biggest Telescope : Mt. Palomar (USA)
Longest Train : Flying Scotsman
Largest Temple : Angkorwat in Combodia.
Oldest Theatre : Teatro Olimpico (Itlay)
Tallest Tower : C. N. Tower, Toronto (Canada)
Longest Wall : Great Wall of China
Highest Waterfall : Angel (Venezuela)
Widest Waterfall : Khone Falls (Laos)
Lowest Water Level : Dead Sea
Longest Epic : Mahabharata
Hottest Place : Azizia (Libya)
Rainiest Place : Mosinram, near Cherrapunji (India)
Highest Road : Leh-Nobra, Ladakh division India.
Highest Village : Andean (Chile)
Highest Volcano : Ojos del Salado, (Argentina) Chile
Largest Volcano : Manuna Lea (Hawai)
Lightest Gas : Hydrogen
Longest Corridor : Rameshwaram Temple (India)
Largest Democracy : India
Highest Cable Car Project : Gulmarg (Jammu-Kashmir)
Biggest Airbus : Double Decker A-380
Highest Rail Track : Kwinghai- Tibbet Railway (China)

Distinctive Names of Some Countries & Towns

Distinctive NameCountry/Town/Port/River
Britain of the SouthNew Zealand
The Battlefield of EuropeBelgium
City of the Golden GateSan Francisco
City of Magnificent DistancesWashington D.C.
City of PopesRome
City of Seven HillsRome
City of SkyscrapersNew York
Cockpit of EuropeBelgium
Dark ContinentAfrica
Dairy of Northern EuropeDenmark
Emerald IslandIreland
Empire CityNew York
Eternal CityRome, Italy
Forbidden CityLhasa (Tibet)
Garden of EnglandKent
Gate of TearsBabel-Mandab, Jerusalem
Granite CityAberdeen (Scotland)
Great White WayBroadway (New York)
Gift of NileEgypt
Gibraltar of the Indian OceanAden
Herring PondAtlantic Ocean
Hermit KingdomKorea
Holy LandPalestine
Island of ClovesMadagascar (Malagasy)
The Isle of SpringJamaica
Key to the MediterraneanGibraltar
Land of Cakes (or Oat Cakes)Scotland
Land of the Golden FleeceAustralia
Land of the Golden PagodaMyanmar (Burma)
Land of KangaroosAustralia
Land of LiliesCanada
Land of the Midnight SunNorway
Land of Milk and HoneyCanaan
Land of Morning CalmKorea
Land of the Rising SunJapan
Land of a Thousand LakesFinland
Land of ThunderboltBhutan
Land of White ElephantsThailand
Lady of SnowCanada
Little VeniceVenezuela
Never, Never LandPrairies (North Australia)
Pearl of AntillesCuba
Playground of EuropeSwitzerland
Pillars of HerculesStraits of Gibraltar

Smallest Countries in the world

1. Vatican City
Size: 0.17 sq. mi. (0.44 km²)
Population: 783 (2005 census)
Location: Rome, Italy
The size of a golf course, the Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. It’s basically a walled enclave inside of Rome, Italy. It’s so small that the entire country does not have a single street address. The Vatican City may be small, but it is very powerful. It is the sovereign territory of the Holy See, or the seat of the Catholic Church (basically its central government), which has over 1 billion people (about 1 in 6 people on the planet) as constituents. The Vatican City was created in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty (which was signed by one of history’s most repressive dictators, Benito Mussolini) and is ruled by the Pope, basically a non-hereditary, elected monarch who rules with absolute authority (he’s the legislative, executive and judiciary all rolled into one) – indeed, the Pope is the only absolute monarch in Europe. Another unique thing about the smallest country in the world is that it has no permanent citizens. Citizenship of the Vatican City is conferred upon those who work at the Vatican (as well as their spouses and children) and is revoked when they stop working there.
The Vatican City is guarded by the smallest and oldest regular army in the world, the Swiss Guard. It was originally made up of Swiss mercenaries in 1506, now the army (also personal bodyguards of the Pope) number 100, all of which are Catholic unmarried male Swiss citizens. The Swiss Guard’s Renaissance-style uniform was commonly attributed as to have been designed by Michelangelo – this was actually incorrect: the large “skirt” pants were a common style during the Renaissance. Only their uniforms seem antiquated: most of the Swiss Guards carry pistols and submachine-guns. The official languages of the Vatican City are Latin and Italian. In fact, its ATMs are the only ones in the world that offer services in Latin! And here you thought that Latin is a dead language… For a country that has no street address, the Vatican City has a very efficient post office: an international mail dropped in the Vatican will get there faster than one dropped in Italy just a few hundred yard away – in fact, there is more mail sent annually per inhabitant from this country (7,200 mails per person) than anywhere else in the world.
2. Monaco
Size: 0.8 sq. mi. (1.96 km²)
Population: 35,657 (2006 estimate)
Location: French Riviera on the Mediterranean
Monaco is the second smallest country on Earth (it’s roughly the size of New York’s Central Park), yet it’s the most densely populated (23,660 people per km²). Actually, Monaco used to be much smaller than it is now – about 100 acres were reclaimed from the sea and added to its land size. At the narrowest, Monaco is only 382 yards wide!
The Principality of Monaco, its formal name, means that the territory is ruled by a prince. For the last seven centuries, Monaco was ruled by princes of the Grimaldi family from Genoa. (The whole thing started one night in 1297 when François Grimaldi disguised himself as a monk and led a small army to conquer the fortress guarding the Rock of Monaco. The coat of arms of the Grimaldi bears the image of monks with swords!) Now, the Prince shares legislative authority with a National Council. In 1861, Monaco relinquished half of its territory to France in exchange for cash and independence. When the reigning prince realized that most of Monaco’s natural resources were on the land that got bartered away, he decided to bet the whole economy on … what else, gambling (see, casinos aren’t only for American Indians, it’s a time-tested, universal solution!) And so began Monte Carlo, a region of Monaco well known for its glamorous casinos (a setting for Ian Fleming’s first James Bond Novel Casino Royale) and its Formula One Grand Prix.
In 1918, Monaco entered a treaty with France for military protection – the treaty, however, also stipulated that Monaco would lose its independence (and become French) should the reigning Grimaldi prince died without leaving a male heir! When Prince Rainier III took over, he was a bachelor and most Monegasques (that means people of Monaco) were gloomy about the country’s future. However, he ended up marrying Hollywood actress Grace Kelly – the marriage not only produced a male heir, it also helped burnish Monaco’s image as a glamorous place to be for the wealthy. (Monaco can rest easy now, a new treaty with France stated that the Principality will remain independent even without a male heir). For a long time, Monaco had no income taxes and was a tax haven for wealthy foreigners and international corporations. This caused a unique thing about Monaco’s population: most of its residents are not native – in fact, only about 1 in 5 people are native Monegasques. After a long dispute with France, Monaco started to impose income taxes on all of its residents who are not born there. Its natural citizens are forbidden from entering casinos, but to make up for it, they do not have to pay any income taxes.

3. Nauru
Size: 8 sq. mi (21 km²)
Population: 13,005 (2005 estimate)
Location: Western Pacific Ocean
Nauru is the world’s smallest island nation, the smallest independent republic, and the only republic in the world without an official capital. Nauru only has one significant source of income: phosphates from thousands of years’ worth of guano or bird droppings. This proved to be both a boon and a bane for Nauruans – for a long time, its residents enjoyed a relatively high level of income as the country exported its phosphate like there’s no tomorrow. The government employed 95% of Nauruans, and lavished free medical care and schooling for its citizens. Most didn’t take advantage of this offer: only one-third of children went on to secondary school. The adults didn’t really work, either – office hours were flexible and the most popular pastime was drinking beer and driving the 20-minute circuit around the island. For a while, Nauru was a paradise – for a brief moment in 1970s, Nauruans were even amongst the richest people on the planet. Nothing lasts forever and sure enough, Nauru’s phosphate reserves soon dried up and left 90% of the island as a barren, jagged mining wasteland. Wasteful investments (like buying hotels only to leave them to rot) and gross incompetence by the government (former presidents used to commandeer Air Nauru’s planes for holidays, leaving paying customers stranded on the tarmac!) didn’t help either. As if that’s not bad enough, Nauru is also beset by obesity problem. Decades of leisurely lifestyle and high consumption of alcohol and fatty foods have left as many as 9 out of 10 people overweight! Nauru also has the world’s highest level of type 2 diabetes – over 40% of its population is affected. So now, Nauruans are poverty-stricken and fat – but they are trying to turn things around. With no natural resource left, in the 1990s, Nauru decided to become a tax haven and offered passports to foreign nationals for a fee. This attracted the wrong kind of money (but a lot of it): the Russian mafia funneled over $70 billion to the tiny island nation. Things got so bad that most big banks refused to handle transactions involving Nauru because of money laundering problems. This led Nauru to another extraordinary money-making scheme: it became a detention camp for people applying for asylum to Australia!
4. Tuvalu
Size: 9 sq. mi. (26 km²)
Population: 10,441 (2005 estimate)
Location: South Pacific
Tuvalu is basically a chain of low-lying coral islands, with its highest elevation being 16 feet or 5 meters above seal level. With total land area of just 9 square miles, Tuvalu is not only a teeny tiny island in the Pacific Ocean, it may not even exist in the next 50 years if sea level continue to rise (a controversial claim, nonetheless there were evacuation plans to New Zealand and other Pacific Islands). Even if the sea level does not rise, other problems such as population growth and coastal erosion still make Tuvalu a very vulnerable country. During World War II, thousands of American troops were stationed on the islands of Tuvalu and the island became an Allied base. Airfields were quickly constructed and after the war, abandoned. In fact, today rusting wrecks can be found on the islands, a constant reminder of its role in the War. Today, Tuvalu also derives income from renting out its Internet country code top-level domain .tv, as it is the abbreviation of the word ‘television’. This scheme got off to a rocky start (the original company who tried to do it failed to raise the necessary funds), but finally proved to be the largest source of income for the country.
5. San Marino
Size: 24 sq. mi. (61 km²)
Population: 28,117 (2005 estimate)
Location: North-central Italy near the Adriatic coast.
With the formal name of The Most Serene Republic of San Marino, it’s not surprising that San Marino has got lots of charms. Founded in AD 301 by a Christian stonecutter named (what else) Marino (or Marinus, depending on who you ask), who along with a small group of Christians, was seeking escape from religious persecution, San Marino is the world’s oldest republic. Its history belies its simple motto: “Liberty.” Indeed, San Marino was such a good neighbor that it was hardly ever conquered by larger enemies (it was briefly conquered in the 1500s and the 1700s, for like a month each). Even when Napoleon gobbled most of Europe, he left San Marino alone, saying it was a model republic! San Marino takes its government seriously: for such a tiny country, San Marino has a very complex government structure, based on a constitution written in 1600. The country is ruled by an elected Council of 60, who appoints 2 captain regents (from opposing political parties, no less) to administer governmental affairs for six-month term. Talk about preserving liberties through division of authority! Before World War II, San Marino was amongst the poorest countries in Europe. Today, with more than 3 million tourists visiting every year (half of San Marino’s income is derived from tourism), the people of San Marino are amongst the world’s richest people.

Religions in the World

Religions in the World
1. Buddhism
FounderGautam Siddhartha Buddha (563-483 BC) born in Nepal (Lumbini)
Founded in525 BC
Followed inIndia, China, Tibet, Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Japan, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Bhutan and Vietnam
Sacred TextThe Tripitaka (Collection of Buddha’s teaching) also called Sutras
Sacred PlacesLumbini (Nepal) where he received enlightenment and Kusinagar (UP) where he attained ‘Nirvana’.
Place of WorshipVihar (temple) and Monastery (where monks reside)
SectsMahayana and Hinayana
2. Confucianism
FounderKing Fu Tsu, Better known as Confucius (551-479 BC) born in the state of LU in china.
Founded in500 BC
Followed inChina, Taiwan, South Korea, Nauru and Vietnam
Sacred TextThe Analects
Sacred PlacesNo church or temple
3. Christianity
FounderJesus Christ (5 BC to AD 30) born in Judea, also called Jesus of Nazareth
Founded in2000 years ago
Followed inSpread all over the world
Sacred TextHoly Bible consisting of Old Testament (before Christ) and the New Testament (during and after Christ)
Sacred PlacesJerusalem where Christ lived and preached
Place of WorshipChurch
Important SectsCatholics and Protestants

4. Hinduism
FounderAncient Sages
Founded inAround 1500 BC
Followed inConcentrated in India and Nepal and also found in Bhutan, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago
Sacred TextThe Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad-Gita and the epics of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana
Place of WorshipTemple
5. Islam
FounderProphet Mohammed (AD 570-632) born in Mecca (Saudi Arabia)
Founded inAD 622
Followed inFrom west coast of Africa to the Philippines which includes Tanzania, Southern part of Russia and China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia and Indonesia. Also parts of North Africa.
Sacred TextQuran (words of God), Hadis (Collection of Prophet’s saying).
Sacred PlacesMakkah (mecca) in Saudi Arabia
Place of WorshipMasjid (mosque)
SectsSunnis and Shias

Countries and their Parliaments

Countries & their Parliaments

CountryName of Parliament
BangladeshJatiya Sangsad
BulgariaNarodna Subranie
Myanmar (Burma)Pyithu Hluttaw
GermanyBundestag (Lower House), Bundestrat (Upper House)
IndiaLok Sabha (Lower House), Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
MalaysiaDewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara
MongoliaGreat People’s Khural
NepalNational Panchayat
The NetherlandsThe Staten General

Principal Airlines Of Countries

Air IndiaIndia
Air FranceFrance
Air CanadaCanada
Air MauritiusMauritius
Ariana Afghan AirlinesAfghanistan
British AirwaysEngland
Bangladesh BimanBangladesh
Cathay PacificHongKong
Ceskoslovenske AerolineCzechoslovakia
Egypt AirEgypt
Ethiopian AirlinesEthiopia
Garuda AirwaysIndonesia
Gulf AirGulf
Indian AirlinesIndia
Iran AirIran
Iraq AirwaysIraq
Japan Airlines Ltd.Japan
K.L.M. Royal DutchNetherlands
Kenya AirwaysKenya
Kuwait AirwaysKuwait
Malaysian AirlinesMalaysia
Pan American AirwaysUSA
Pakistan International AirlinesPakistan
Quantas Empire AirwaysAustralia
Royal Nepal AirlinesNepal
Saudi Arabian AirlinesSaudi Arabia
Scandinavian Airlines SystemSweden
Singapore AirlinesSingapore
Swiss AirSwitzerland
Trans-World AirlinesUSA
Thai Airways InternationalThailand

National Emblems of Countries


AustraliaKangarooBangladeshWater Lily
BarbadosHead of a TridentBelgiumLion
CanadaWhite LilyChileCandor & Huemul
DenmarkBeachDominicaSisserou Parrot
FranceLilyGermanyCorn Flower
GuyanaCanje PheasantHong KongBauhinia (Orchid Tree)
IndiaLioned CapitalIranRose
ItalyWhite LilyIvory CoastElephant
JapanChrysanthemumLebanonCedar Tree
LuxenbourgLion with CrownMongoliaThe Soyombo
NetherlandsLionNew ZealandSouthern Cross, Kiwi, Fern
Papua New GuineaBird of paradiseSpainEagle
SenegalBhobab TreeSierra LeoneLion
Sri LankaLionSudanSecretary Bird
SyriaEagleTurkeyCrescent & Star
U.K.RoseU.S.A.Golden Rod


The National Flowers of Different Countries are Given here:

New Names Of Some Countries and States

New Names Of Some Countries & States
Old NameNew Name
British HondurasBelize
Cape CanaveralCape Kennedy
CeylonSri Lanka
Dutch East IndiesIndonesia
Dutch GuianaSurinam
East PakistanBangladesh
East TimorLoro See
EgyptUnited Arab Republic

Ellice IslandTuvalu
French West AfricaMali
Gold CoastGhana
GreenlandKalaallit Nunaat
HollandThe Netherlands
New HebridesVanuatu
Northern RhodesiaZambia

Portuguese GuineaGuinea Bissau
SaigonHo Chi Minh City
Sandwich IslandsHawaiian Islands
South West AfricaNamibia
Spanish GuineaEquatorial Guinea
Tanganyika and ZanzibarTanzania
Trucial OmanUnited Arab Emirates
Upper VoltaBourikina Fasso or Burkina Faso
West French AfricaMauritania

Countries ,Capitals,Currencies and their Embassy Websites

Countries,their Capitals,Currencies & Embassy Websites
CountryCapitalCurrencyEmbassy Website
AndorraAndorra la
Antigua and BarbudaSaint John’s (Antigua)East Caribbean
Azerbaijan, Republic ofBaku (Baki)
Bahamas, TheNassauBahamian
BelgiumBrussels (formerly Belgian Franc)
BeninPorto Novo (official capital); Contonu (Seat of govt.)CFA
BoliviaLa Paz (Seat of govt.); Sucre (legal capital and seat of judiciary)
Bosnia and
BruneiBandar Seri BegawanBrunei

CountryCapitalCurrencyEmbassy Website
Cape VerdePraiaCape Verdean
Central African RepublicBanguiCFA
ColombiaSanta Fe de BogotáColombian
Congo, Dem. Republic of theKinshasaCongolese
Congo, Republic ofBrazzavilleCFA Francstate/fov/p/af/ci/cf
Costa RicaSan
Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukroCFA
CyprusLefkosia (Nicosia)Cyprus
DominicaRoseauEast Caribbean
Dominican RepublicSanto DomingoDominican
East TimorDiliUS
EcuadorQuitoUS Dollar
El SalvadorSan SalvadorColon, US
Equatorial GuineaMalaboCFA
EritreaAsmara (Formerly Asmera)
FijiSuva (Viti Levu)
FinlandHelsinkiEuro (Formerly Marka)
FranceParisEuro (Formerly French Franc)

CountryCapitalCurrencyEmbassy Website
GermanyBerlinEuro (Formerly Deutsche Mark)
GreeceAthensEuro (Formerly Drachma)
GrenadaSaint George’sEast Caribbean
Guinea BissauBissauCFA
IrelandDublinEuro (Formerly Irish Pound)
ItalyRomeEuro (Formerly Lira)
KiribatiSouth TarawaAustralian
Korea, NorthPyongyangWonkorea-dpr-org
KuwaitKuwait CityKuwaiti
LuxembourgLuxembourg VilleEuro (Formerly Luxembourg Franc)

CountryCapitalCurrencyEmbassy Website
Marshall IslandsMajuroUs
MexicoMexico City (Distrito Federal)Mexican
Micronesia Fed. States ofPalikirUS
NauruNo official capital; govt offices in Yaren DistrictAustralian
New ZealandWellingtonNew Zealand
PanamaPanama CityBalboa, US
Papua New GuineaPort
PortugalLisbonEuro (Formerly Escudo)
Puerto RicoSan JuanUS Dollar

CountryCapitalCurrencyEmbassy Website
St. Kitts and NevisBasseterreEast Caribbean
St. LuciaCastriesEast Caribbean
St. Vincent & the GrenadinesKingstownEast Caribbean
San MarinoSan
Sao Tome and PrincipeSao
SerbiaBelgradeYugoslav new dinargov.yu
Solomon IslandsHoniaraSolomon Islands
SpainMadridEuro (Formerly Peseta)
Sri LankaColombo7Sri Lanka
TaiwanTaipeiTaiwan New
TanzaniaDar es Salaam9Tanzanian
Trinidad and TobagoPort-of-SpainTrinidad and Tobago
TurkeyAnkaraTurkish New Lira (YTL)
UgandaKampalaUgandan New
United Arab EmiratesAbu DhabiUAE
United KingdomLondonPound
United StateWashington, DCUS
UzbekistanTashkent (Toshkent)Uzbekistani
VanuatuPort-Vila (Efate)
Vatican City (Holy See)Vatican

Related Articles:

Highest, Longest, Biggest, Largest, Deepest
Distinctive Names of Some Countries
Smallest Countries in the world
Religions in the World
Countries & their Parliaments
Principal Airlines Of Countries
National Emblems of Countries
New Names Of Some Countries States
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