Thursday, February 18, 2016

Indian Defense at a Glance

Indian Defense
•The President of India is the supreme commander of the Indian defence system
•The whole administrative control of the Armed forces lies in the Ministry of Defence
•The Defence Minister (Raksha Mantri) is responsible to Parliament for all matters concerning defence of the country.
•Indian defence system has been divided into three services-
1.Army
2.Navy
3.Air Force

Ministry of Defense and its responsibility

The Principal task of the Ministry of Defense is to obtain policy directions of the Government on all defence and security related matters and communicate them for implementation to the Serivce Headquarters, Inter-Service Organisations, Production Establishments and Research an Development Organisations. It is also required to ensure effective implementation of the Government's policy directions and the execution of approved programmes within the allocated resources.
Indian Defence Department
The principal functions of the Departments are as follows:- •The Department of Defence deals with Integrated Defence Staff (IDS) amd three services and various Inter-Service Organisations. It is also responsible for the Defence Budget, establishment matters, defence policy, matters relating to Parliament, defence cooperation with foreign countries and coordination of all activites
•The Department of Defence Production is headed by a Secretary and deals with matters pertaining to defence production, indigenisation of imported stores, equipment and spares, planning and control of department production units of the Ordance Factory Board and Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs.)
•The Department of Defence Research and Development is headed by a Secretary, who is also the Scientific Advisor to the Raksha Mantri(Defence Minister). Its function is to advise the Government on scientific aspects of the military equipment and logistics and the formulation of research, design and development plans for equipment used by the Services.
•The Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare is headed by the Additional Secretary and deals with all resettlement, welfare and pensionary matters of Ex-Servicemen.
Integrated Defence Staff (IDS) was created on October 1, 2001 as a sequel to the decision by the Group of Ministers based on Kargil Committee Report. The staff of HQ IDS is provided from three Services, MEA, DRDO, Armed Forces HQ (AFHQ) Civil Services and DoD. IDS is presently functioning as staff in the advisory mode to the Chairman COSC, and is headed by the Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to Chairman COSC (CISC)
The three Services Headquarters, viz., the Army Headquarters, the Naval Headquarters and the Air Headquarters functions under the Chief of the Army Staff (COAS), the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) and the Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) respectively. They are assisted by their Principal Staff Officers (PSOs). The Inter-Services Organisations, under the Department of Defence are responsible for carrying out tasks related to common needs of the three Services such as medical care, public relations and personnel managedment of civilian staff in the Defence Headquarters.
A number of Committees dealing with defence related activities assist the Raksha Mantri(Defence Minister). The Chief of Staff Committee is a forum for the Service Chiefs to discuss matters having a bearing on the activities of the Services and to advise the Ministry. The position of Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee devolves on the longest serving Chief of Staff, and consequently rotates amongst the three services.
Finance Division in the Ministry of Defence deals with all matters having a financial implication. This Division is headed by Financial Advisor (Defence Services) and is fully integrated with the Ministry of Defence and performs an advisory rotle.

Indian Army

The Indian Army is organised into seven commands:-
Indian Army
Command : : Headquarter
1 Western command Chandigarh
2 Eastern command Kolkata
3 Northern command 56 APO
4 Southern command Pune
5 Central command Lucknow
6 Army Training Command Shimla
7 South Western Command Jaipur

The Indian Army is the world's second largest army in terms of military personnel. The basic responsibility of the Army is to safeguard the territorial integrity of the nation against external aggressio. In addition, the Army is often required to assist the civil administration during internal security disturbances and in the mainntenance of law and order, in organising relief operations during natural calamities like floods, earthquakes and cyclones and in the maintenance of essential services.

The Indian Army is one of the finest armies in the world. Modernisation and upgradation of Army is a continuous process to keep Armed Forces ready to meet any challenge of tomorrow. It is based on fiver years plans. Focus and core areas of modernisation has been:-
•Improvement in the Fire Power and increased Mobiliy
•All Weather Battle Field Surveillance capability
•Night Fighting capabilities
•Enhace capability of Special Force
•Capability for Network Centric Warfare
•NBC Protection
Army has its headquarters in New Delhi.
 It is head by Chief of the Army Staff and assisted by the Vice-Chief of the Army Staff and seven other Principal Staff Officers, namely, two Deputy Chief of Army Staff, Ajutant General, Quarter Master General, Master General of Ordinance, Military Secretary and Engineer-in-Chief. The army has following commands
Command : : Headquarter
1 Western command Chandigarh
2 Eastern command Kolkata
3 Northern command 56 APO
4 Southern command Pune
5 Central command Lucknow
6 Army Training Command Shimla
7 South Western Command Jaipur
Each under a General officer Commanding-n-Chief of the rank of a Lieutant-General. The Major Static Formation are divided into Areas, Independent Sub-Areas and sub-areas. Area is commanded by a General Officer Commanding of the rank of a Major General and an Independent Sub-Area and sub-area by a Brigadier.
 Indian army is divided broadly into two main categories:-
1.Arms
2.Services
Indian Army consists of following ranks:- 1.General
2.Lt. General
3.Major General
4.Brigadier
5.Colonel
6.Lt. Colonel
7.Major
8.Captain
9.Lieutenant

Indian Air Force

Indian Air Force is organized into seven commands:-
Command : : Headquarter
1 Western command New Delhi
2 Central command Allahabad
3 Eastern command Shillong
4 South western command Jodhpur
5 Training command Bangaluru
6 Maintenance command Nagpur
7 Southern command Thiruvananthapuram

The Indian Air Force was officially established on 8 October 1932.
Brief History
India Air Force LogoThe past 75 years have been eventful for Indian Air Force (IAF) from a flight of 'Wapitis' in 1932, to the fourth largest, professionally acclaimed, strategic Air Force responsible for guarding Nation's vital interests. From 1948 to Kargil, the IAF has always fielded wining capabilities. IAF's professional and prompt operations in peace time, at home and abroad and in peacekeeping, have earned many accolades.
 The first five pilots commissioned into the Indian Air Force were H C Sircar, Subroto Mukerjee, Bhupendra Singh, A B Awan and Amarjeet Singh. A sixth officer, S N Tandon had to revert to Ground duties as he was too short. All of them were commissioned as ''Pilot Officers'' in 1933. Subroto Mukerjee later went on to become the IAF's first Indian Chief of Air Staff. Subsequent batches inducted before World_War_2 included Aspy Engineer, K K Majumdar, Narendra, R H D Singh, S N Goyal, Baba Mehar Singh, Prithpal Singh and Arjan Singh.
 The Indian Air Force is headed by Chief of Air Staff with its headquarters at New Delhi. He is assisted by six Principal Staff Officers, Vice Chief of Air Staff, Deputy Chief of Air Staff, Air Officer Incharge Administration, Air Officer Incharge Maintenance, Air Officer Incharge Personnel and Training and Inspector General Flight Safety and Inspection.

Command : : Headquarter
1 Western command New Delhi
2 Central command Allahabad
3 Eastern command Shillong
4 South western command Jodhpur
5 Training command Bangaluru
6 Maintenance command Nagpur
7 Southern command Thiruvananthapuram
The Air force combat fleet is made up of 45 squadrons consists a variety of fighters, fighter-bombers, fighter interceptors, bombers and transport and logistics support aircraft. 1.Air chief Marshal
2.Air Marshal
3.Air Vice Marshal
4.Air Commodore
5.Group Captain
6.Wing Commander
7.Squardron Leader
8.Flt. Lieutenant
9.Flying officers

Indin Navy

Indian Navy is organised into following commands:-
Command : : Headquarter
1 Eastern command Vishakhapatnam
2 Southern command Kochi
3 Western command Mumbai
Ranks:- 1.Navy
2.Admiral
3.Vice Admiral
4.Read Admiral
5.Commodore
6.Captain
7.Commander
8.Lt Commander
9.Lieutenant
10.Sub-Lieutenant
The Indian Navy is divided into the following broad categories •Administration
•Logistics and Material
•Training
•The Fleets
•The Naval Aviation
and •The Submarine Arm.

Indian Coast Guard

The Coast Guard is headed by a Director General. It headquarters is based in the Capital, New Delhi.
 It hasIndian Coast Guard
•3 Regional headquarters at Mumbai, Chennai and Port Blair
•1 District Headquarters in each of the nine coastal states and 2 in the Union territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep Islands.
•4 Coast Guard Stations, one each at Vadinar, Okha, Tuticorin and Mandapam.
•It also has aerodromes in Daman and Chennai
•Air Enclaves at Goa, Kolkata and Port Blair.

Brief History
Indian Coast Guard LogoEmergence of the Coast Guard in India on 01 Feb 1977 as a new service was the result of an awareness that had been growing for some time in the Government for the requirement to enforce National Laws in the waters under national jurisdiction and ensure safety of life and property at sea. The Coast Guard is responsible for surveillance of the Indian territorial waters and the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone to prevent poaching, smuggling and other illegal activities; to conduct search and rescue operations; to protect and preserve marine environment.
 The Indian Coast Guard is the fourth service created to guard Republic of India's vast coastline. It was created on 19 August 1978 as an independent entity as per the Coast Guard Act. Indian Coast Guard is an Armed forces of India and, ICG is not a part of the Indian Paramilitary Forces.
The Primary duty of Indian Coast Guard is : •To protect our ocean and offshore wealth including Oil, Fish and Minerals.
•Protect the artificial Islands and off-shore installations.
•To assist Mariners in distress and safeguard life and property at sea.
•To enforce Maritime Laws with respect to sea, shipping, poaching, smuggling and narcotics.
•To preserve marine environment and ecology and to protect rare species.
•To collect scientific data
•To assist Indian Navy during war situation
Its Bases •3 Regional headquarters at Mumbai, Chennai and Port Blair
•1 District Headquarters in each of the nine coastal states and 2 in the Union territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep Islands.
•4 Coast Guard Stations, one each at Vadinar, Okha, Tuticorin and Mandapam.
•It also has aerodromes in Daman and Chennai
•Air Enclaves at Goa, Kolkata and Port Blair.

Recruitment in Armed Forces

The Armed Forces epitomises the ideas of service, sacrifice, patriotism and our country's comosite culture. The recruitment to the Armed Forces is voluntary and every citizen of India, irrespective of his caste, class, religion and community is eligible for recruitment into the Armed Forces provided he meets the laid down physical, medical and educational criteria.
Recruitment of Commissioned Officers in the Armed Forces through UPSC: Commissioned Officers in the Armed Forces are recruited mainly through the UPSC which conducts the following two All India Competitive Examinations:- 1.National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy(NA): The UPSC holds entrance examinations twice a year for entry into NDA and NA. Candidates on completion of 10+2 examinations or while in the 12th standard, are eligible to compete.
2.Combined Defence Services Examination(CDSE): CDSE is conducted by the UPSC twice a year. University graduates are eligible to appear in the examination. Successful candidates join the Military Academy/Air Force Academy or Naval Academy for Regular and Officers Academy (OTA) for Short Service Commission.

Paramilitary and Reserved Forces

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
•It was established in 1962, after the Chinese attack.
•It is basically employed in the Northern borders for monitoring the borders and also to stop smuggling and illegal immigration

National Security Guard (NSG)
•It was established in 1984
•It has been established to counter the surge of militancy in the country.
•It is highly trained force which deals with militants effectively

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
•It was set up in 1969 after the recommendations of Justice B Mukherji.
•Its objective is to monitor the industrial complexes of Central Government

Assam Rifles
•It was established in 1835 and is the oldest paramilitary force in the country
•Its main objective is to keep vigilance of international borders in North East and countering insurgency operations in Arunachal Pradesh. Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland

Border Security Force (BSF)
•It was established in 1965
•It keeps a vigil over the international borers against the intrusion in the country.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
•It was set up in 1939
•Its main objective is to assist the State/Union Territory Police in maintenance of law and order
•The 88th Battalion of CPRF, known as ‘Mahila Battalion’ (commissioned on March 30, 1986) is the world’s first paramilitary force comprising entirely of women.

National Cadet Corps (NCC)
•It was established in 1948
•Its main objective is to stimulate interest among the youth in the defence of the country in order to build up a reserve man power to expand armed forces

Territorial Army (TA)
•It was established in 1948
•It is a voluntary, part time force (between 18 and 35 years), not professional soldiers, but civilans, who wish to assist in defence of the country

Home Guards
•It was established in 1962, to assist the police in maintaining security, to help defence forces and to help local authorities in case of any eventuality.

Coast guard
•It was setup in 1978
•It main objective is to protect the maritime and other national interests in the maritime zones of India

Intelligence Bureau (IB)
•It was set up in 1920
•It objective is to collect secret information relating to country’s security
•It was originally set up as Central Special Branch (CSB) in 1987 and renamed IB in 1920.

Central Bureau of Intelligence (CBI)
•It was established in 1953
•Its objective is to investigate cases of misconduct by public servants, cases of cheating, embezzlement and fraud
•CBI is also entrusted with the investigation of international crime cases in collaboration with INTERPOL

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
•It was established in 1986
•Its objective is to collect crime statistics at the national level, information of inter-state and international criminals to help investigation agencies.

Rapid Action Force (RAF)
•It was established in 1992
•Under the operational command of CPRF
•10 battalions of the CPRF have been reoriented for tackling communal riots in the country

Defence Production Units

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) 1964 12 Bengaluru(5), Koraput, Nasik, Karwa, Kanpur, Lucknow, Barrackpur, Hyderabad
UnitEstablishedTotal FactoriesPlaces

Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) Sep 1959 Bengaluru, Ghaziabad, Pune, Machilipatnam, Taloja (Maharashtra), Panchula (Haryana), Kotadwara, Hyderabad, Chennai.
Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) Mar 1964 Bengaluru, Mysore, Kolar Gold Fields
Bharat Dynamics Limited jan 1970 Hyderabad
Mishra Dhadu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI) 1973 1 Hyderabad
Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) 1957 1 Goa

Military Training Centers

Following are the Military Training Centers in India.

Military Training Centers : : Place
National Defence Academy : : Khadakvasla (W. Bengal)
Indian Military Academy : : Dehra Dun (Uttaranchal)
Rashtriya Indian Military College : : Dehra Dun (Uttaranchal)
National Defence College New Delhi
Defence Services Staff College : : Welliington
Armed Forces Medical College : : Pune (Maharashtra)
Officer’s Training School : : Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
College of Combat, Mhow (Army War College) Armoured Corps Centre and School : : Deolali (Maharashtra)
College of Military Engineering Kirkee : : Pune (Maharashtra)
Military College of Telecommunications Engineering : : Secunderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
Army Cadet College : : Dehra Dun (Uttaranchal)
College of Material Management : : Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh)
High Altitude Warfare School: : Gulmarg (J & K)
Army Service Corps School : : Bareilly (UP)
EME School : : Secunderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
Millitary College of Electronics and Mechnical Engineering, Remount and veterinary Corps Centre and School : : Merrut (UP)
Army Educational Corps Training School and Depot : : Pune (Maharashtra)
Corpse of Military Police Centre and School : : Bengaluru (Karnataka)
Army School of Physical Training : : Pune (Maharashtra)
Army/Air Transport Support School : : Agra (UP)
Army Clerk Training School : : Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
Army School of Mechanical Transport : : Bengaluru (Karnataka)
Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School: : Vairengte (Mizoram)
Institution of Nation Integration : : Pune (Maharshtra)

Naval Training Centers

Following are the Naval Training Centers in India.
Naval Training Centers : : Place
INS Cilka : : Bhubaneshwar (Orrisa)
INS Circars : : Visakhapattanam (AP)
INS Hamla : : Malad, Mumbai (Maharashtra)
INS Mandovi : : Goa
INS Shivaji : : Lonawala (Maharashtra)
INS Valsura : : Jamnagar (Gujrat)
INS Venduruthy : : Kochi (Kerala)
Naval Academy : : Kochi
Navy Shipwright School : : Viskhapattanam (AP)
Sailor’s Training Establishment : : Dabolim (Goa)

AirForce Training Centers

On 15 Aug 1947, the Air Force Training Establishments located in India were: •Initial Training Wing, Coimbatore formed on 11 Jul 46.
•Elementary Flying Training School, Jodhpur formed on Jul 42.
•Advanced Flying Training School, Ambala formed on Jul 41.
•No.1 Ground Training School, Jalahalli formed on Jul 47.
•No.2 Ground Training School, Tamabaram formed on Feb 47
Currently we have following are the AirForce Training Centers in India.
Air Force Training Centers : : Place
Air Force Administrative College : : Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)
Air Force Academy : : Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
Air Force Technical College : : Jalahalli (Karnataka)
Air Force School Sambre, : : Belgaum (Karnataka)
Flying Instructors’ School : : Tambaram (Tamil Nadu)
Elementrary Flying School : : Bidar (Karnataka)
Fighter Training and Transport : : Hakimpur and Yelahanka(Karnataka)
Training Wings of the Air Force Institute of Aviation Medicine : : Bangluru (Karnataka)
Paratroopers Training School : : Agra (Uttar Pradesh)
Navigation and Signal School : : Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
College of Air Warfare : : Secunderabad (Andhra Pradesh)
Ground Training Institutes : : Vadodara (Gujarat) and Barrackpur (West Bengal)

Defence Training Institutions:

A large number of training institutions in the Defence Sector work in coordination with one other. The Important one are described inthe following paragraphs:-
•Sainik Sachools:- Sainik Sachools were established as joint ventures of the Central and State Government. These are under the overall fovernance of Sainik Schools Society. At present there are around 22 Sainik Schools located all over India.
The Objective of Sainik Schools include brining quality public school education within the reach of the common man, all round development of a child's personality and to remove regional imbalance in the Officers' Cadre of the Armed Forces. The Sainik Schools prepare boys academically, physically and mentally to join Armed Forces through the National Defence Academy (NDA).
•Rashtriya Military School:- The five Military Schools in the country at Ajmer, Bengluru, Belgaum, Chail and Dholpur are affiliated to CBSE. The Military Schools admits boys in class VI, based on an all-india Entrance Examination. While 67 percents seats are reserved for wards for JCOs/ORs called 'entitled category', out of 33 % non-entitled category seats, 20% are reserved for wards of service officers.
•Rashtriya Indian Military College:- The Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC), Dehradun was founded on 13 March 1922 with the objective of providing necessary preliminary training to boys of Indian birth or domicile, whishing to become officer in Indian Armed Forces of India. The RIMC is now a premier educational institutions in the country. Selection for RIMC is through a written examination and interview conducted through the state government. The institution now serves as a feeder institute to the National Defence Academy, Khadakvasla (Pune).
•National Defence Academy:- The National Defence Academy (NDA), Khadakwasla is a premier Inter Service training institution where future officers of Armed Forces are trained. The training involves an exacting schedule of three years before the cadets join their respective Services Academies, viz., Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy and Air Force Academy.
•Indian Military Academy:-The Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun transform yound men into courageous, dynamic and erudite young officers of integrity, who are to bear and brunt of battle, or hardship whilst guarding the nation's frontiers. IMA established in 1932, imparts training to cadets for commission into the Army.
•Officers Training Academy:- Established in 1963, the Officers Training School (OTS) was re-designated as Officers Training Academy (OTA) from January 1, 1988 on completion of 25 years of its existence. Its main task before 1965 was to train Gentlemen Cadets for grant of emergency Commission. From 1965 onwards, the Academy has started training cadets for Short Service Commission. With the entry of women officers into the Army since September 21, 1992, around 100 lady officers now get commissioned from OTA every year.
•Defence Services Staff College:- Defence Services Staff College (DSSC), Wellington is a premier tri-service training establishment imparting training to middle level officers (Major and equivalent) of the three wings of Indian Armed Forces, friendly foreign countries and Indian Civil Services.
•College of Defence Management:- The Institutte of Defence Management(IDM), Secunderabad was established in June 1970 to impart modern, scientific management training to the Armed Forces Officers. The IDM was renamed as College of Defence Management (CDM) in 1980. The college has trained over 5000 officers of the rank of Major to Major General and equivalents of the three Services through its on-campus programmes. It has also given exposure in defence management to large number of officers through external capsules. Officers from Para-Military Forces, Ministry of Defence, research and development organisations and friendly foreign countries also attend various on-campus programmes.
•College of Military Engineering:- The college of Military Engineering (CME) at Pune is a premier technical institution. The training is conducted for personnel of the Corps of Engineers, other Arms and Services, Navy, Air Force, Para Military Forces, Police and civilians. Besides, personnel from friendly foreign countries are also trained. CME is affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) for the award of B.Tech and M.Tech degrees.
•National Defence College:- The National Defence College (NDC) inaugurated on 27 April 1960 is the only institution in the country that imparts knowledge on all aspecs of national security and strategy. Senior Defence and Civil Services Officer participate in a 47-week comprehensive programme of national security and strategy

Defence Ordance Factories

The Ordance Factories Organisation is the largest and oldest departmentally run production organisation in the country and is primarily engaged in the manufacture of Defence Hardware for the Armed Forces. The Ordance Factories was established with a mandate to ensure self-reliance in manufacturing of Defence hardware for the Armed Forces. The Ordance Factories Organization is a fine blend of old and state-of-the-art factories. The first Ordinance Factory was established in 1801 at Cossipore, near Kolkata. There are 39 Ordance Factories, geographically distributed all over the country at 24 locations. Ordance Factories, nalanda and Ordance Factory, Korwa are in project stage.

Defence Undertakings

The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) was formed in October 1964 with its Corporate Office at Bengluru. The company has 19 production division and 9 R & D Centres located in six States. It is largest public sector undertakings under the Department of Defence Production. HAL's product range consists of aircrafts, helicopters, aero-engines, accessories and avionics. It has diversified into manufactures of structures for aerospace launch vehicles and satellites and industrial and marine gas turbine engines. HAL is a major partner for the space programmes of ISRO. It manufacturers structures and assemblies for the launch vehicles and satellites.
Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) is the leading professional electronics company in the country engaged in the design, development and manufacture of sophisticated state-of-the-art electronic equipment/components for the use of defence services, paramilitary organisations and other infrastructure providers in the telecom sector. BEL has been accorded "NAVRATNA" status company in 2007. Based on the MoU performance, the company has been rated in the "Excellent" category continuously for the last 8 years by the Department of Public Enterprises (DPE). With its 9 production units and 31 manufacturing divisions spread across 7 states, the company focuses on Research and Development to generate business using the 'state-of-the-art' manufacturing and testing facilities.
The Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) was established in May 1964 and commenced operations from January 1965. BEML is the prime earth moving and costruction equipment manufacturer in the country and also produces ground supporting equipment for Armed Forces for movement of men and material. The company also manufactures railway coaches and wagons for Indian Railways and defence forces. Recently, BEML has diversified its business by successfully assembling state-of-the-art stainless metro coaches for Delhi Metro Corporation(DMRC) under technical collaboration with M/s Rotem of South Korea.
Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), was taken over by the Government of India on 1st April 1960. GRSE is among the leading shipyards in the country and the premium yard in the East. GRSE builds a wide range of ships ranging from sophisticated warships to ultra modern commercial vessels and from small harbour crafts to fast and poweful patrol vessels. India's first ever tranker fleet too was built at GRSE. The latest on the list is new generation hovercraft.
Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) , the youngest and smallest of the Defence shipyards, has the privilege of having implemented the first successful enterprises planning system amongst the Defence Public Sector Undertakings. The product range of the Shipyard comprises of 105m Advanced Offshore Patrol Vessels (AOPV), 105m Naval Offshore Patrol Vessels (NOPV), 90m Offshore Patrol Vessels (90m OPV), Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPV), 50m Fast Patrol Vessels (FPV), Mssile Boats (MB), Survey Vessels (SV), Extra Fast Attack Crafts (XFAC), Sails Training Ships(STS), Landing Craft Utility (LCU), Seaward Defence Boats (SDB), Torpedo Recovery Vessels (TRV), Passenger Vessels (PV), Tugs etc.
The Bharat Dyncamics Limited (BDL) was set up in 1970 for manufacture of guided missiles. It is amongest a few strategic industries in the public sector and possesses the capability to produce advanced Guided Missile Systems. Besides producing indigenously developed P-II missile systems, BDL is engaged in the production of Konkurs M and Invar (3UBK-20) missiles in collaboration with Rusia. BDL is working in close assocaition with DRDO for technology absorption/assimilation and extending support by providing missile sub systems/integrated missiles for conducting various trials of missiles like AKASH, NAG, Article K-15, AGNI VARIANTS (A1, A2 and A3).
Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI) was incorporated as a Public Sector Undertakings in 1973 to achieve self-reliance in areas of Super alloys, Titanium alloys and Special Purpose steels required for strategic sectors like Aeronautics, Space, Armaments, Atomic Energy and Navy. Special products like Molybdenum coins and plates, Titanuium and Stainless Steel tubes, alloys for electrical and electronic applications like soft magnatic alloys controlled expansion alloys and Resistance alloys are also in the product range of MIDHANI.

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

Science drives the nation in peace and war. Impact of science in any country is mainfold namely social, strategic and financial. The vision of DRDO is to empower India with cutting-edge defence technologies. It has the mission of achieving self-reliance in critical defence technologies and systems by indigenisation and innovation while equipping the armed forces with state-of-the-art weapon systems and equipment.
DRDO came into existence in 1958. It was the amalgamation of Technical Dev Establishment (TDEs) of Indian Army and Directorate of Tech Dev and Production (DTDP) with Defence Science Organisation (DSO).
DRDO is headed by Scientific Advisor to Raksha Mantri (Defence Minister), SA to RM, who is also the secretary, Deptt of Defence R&D and Director General, R&D. The Sa to RM is assisted by 7 Cheif Controllers. The organisations has a two tier system, viz., the Technical and Corporate Directorates at DRDO Bhawan, New Delhi; and laboratories/establishments located at different stations all over the country. The following is the organisational structure of DRDO. Dr DS Kothari was the first SA to RM.
•Total No. of Labs/Estts- 52
•Manpower Training Institutes-3
•Integrated Test Range for Performance evaluation-2
The responsibilities of DRDO can be consolidated under the following categories:- •Design,development & lead to produce state-of-art Sensors, Weapons Systems, Platforms and allied equipment (Strategic systems, Tactical systems, Dual Use technologies)
•Research in Life Sciences, to optimise combat effectiveness and promote well-being of service personnel in harsh environment
•Develop infrastructure and highly trained Manpower for strong defence technology base.
Some of the major Contributions of DRDO have been the following:-
Systems : : System Development/Accepted/Introduced
1 Missile System : :  Agni, Prithvi, Brahmos, Dhanush, Trishul, Akash & Nag
2 Naval Systems : : HUMSA, USHUS, TAL, Torpedoes-fire control system and Advanced Experimental.
3 Electronic Systems : : SARARI, ACCCS, Surveillance Radar, SUMUKTA, SANGRAHA, WLR, SV-2000, CIDSS, CNR and Indra
4 Combat Vehicle and Engg. : : MBT, Arjun, Armored, Engg recce Vehicle(AERV) Bridge Layer Tank, Armoured Amphibious Dozer, SARVATRA, Trackway Expedient Mat Ground Surfacing, Armoured Ambulance BMP-II, Career Mortar Tracked on BMP-II & Operation Theatre Complex on Wheels
5 Aero Systems : : LCA, Lakshya Pilotless Aircraft, Nishant UAV "Tempest" EW Suite, Tranquil Reader Warning Receiver (RWR), Tarang RWR Project Vetrivale, High Accuracy Direction Finding (HADF) RWR, Jagur Mission Compter & Bheema 1000 Aircraft Weapon Loading Trolley
6 Armament Systems : : 5.56mm INSAS (Amn. LMG & Rifle), Pinaka-Multibarrel Rocket Launcher System, FSAPDS Mk-I/II Ammunition, Influence Mines Mk-I, Multimode Grenade etc.
7 Materials : : AB Class Steel for Naval Applicaton, Titanium Sponge, NBC Protective, Clothing/Permeable Suites, Extreme cold weather Clothing systems, Blast Protection Suits, Synthetic Life Jacket, Anti Riot Polycarbonate Shield, Anti Riot Helmet, Brake pads for Aircrafts, Heavy alloy Armour Penetrator Rods, Jackal Armour, Kanchan Armour, Spade M1.
8 Life Sciences Systems : : Life Support Systems for Army, Navy and Airforce Personnel, NBC Canister, Water Prison Detection Kit, Portable, Decontamination Apparatus, NBC Filters/ventilation systems, First Aid Kit, CW Type A/B, Decontamination kit/solution.
Last Updated: 30 May 2016

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